Violence against women: UN promotes the hashtag #HearMeToo

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Encouraged by the MeToo movement that has resulted in the release of women's sexual harassment speeches, the UN is launching a slightly different awareness campaign on the occasion of World Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. for women on 25 November.

Without playing on words, the most widespread violations of human rights throughout the world are the violation of women's rights, and more specifically, violence against women, which can take the form of violence against women. very varied but occur in all environments and in all countries, to varying degrees (see box at the end of the article). As every year since its creation by the UN in 1999, this day of 25 November marks the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

Let us specify for all intents and purposes that this date of 25 November was not chosen by reference to the outdated and connoted Saint Catherine – in France, in a not so distant past, this date was the occasion, for single women of 25 years and over to "pray to Saint Catherine to find a husband" (sic) – but in memory of the assassination, on November 25, 1960, of the three Mirabal sisters, political activists victims of the henchmen of the dictator Rafael Trujillo, in the Dominican Republic.

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<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "This year, the UN decided to support a little more its approach to mobilize around this event which is still struggling to capture the attention of the entire international community by proposing sixteen days of action under the banner "Orangez the world: #ListenMeAussi", a hashtag (or hashtag) translated from the English #HearMeToo, obvious reference to the famous #MeToo launched in October 2017 on Twitter by actress Alyssa Milano to denounce sexual harassment and taken over in France under the no less famous hashtag #BalanceTonPorc. « The HearMeToo hashtag is indeed a continuation of the MeToo movement Julien Pellaux, adviser to UN Women's Executive Director, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, South Africa, said on the phone, "data-reactid =" 26 "> This year, the UN decided to support a little more than his approach to mobilize around this event, which is still struggling to capture the attention of the entire international community by proposing sixteen days of action under the banner "Orangez the world: #ListMeHead", a hashtag translated from the English #HearMeToo, obvious reference to the famous #MeToo launched in October 2017 on Twitter by actress Alyssa Milano to denounce sexual harassment and taken over in France under the no less famous hashtag #BalanceTonPorc. « The HearMeToo hashtag is indeed a continuation of the MeToo movement Says Julien Pellaux, advisor to UN Women's Executive Director, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka of South Africa.

<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "" The idea of ​​this day, continues Julien Pellaux, it is to say : " it is true that there has been a historic mobilization with the MeToo movement on the issues of violence and particularly on the issues of sexual harassment but that we must give voice to those who do not necessarily have the same strength of speech ". The MeToo movement was mostly celebrities, women who have a certain status, who have access to social networks. But for the vast majority of women in the world, this is not the case. The idea of ​​HearMeToo, he explains, it is to give examples of female victims, who have survived various forms of violence around the world and in different social classes. And also to bring the word of those who have to answer these questions of harassment and violence, ie the police, the social services, the health services, the whole state structure in fact which has a responsibility vis-à-vis against these violations and who must listen to women who are victims of such violence. "Data-reactid =" 27 ">" The idea of ​​this day, continues Julien Pellaux, it is to say : " it is true that there has been a historic mobilization with the MeToo movement on the issues of violence and particularly on the issues of sexual harassment but that we must give voice to those who do not necessarily have the same strength of speech ". The MeToo movement was mostly celebrities, women who have a certain status, who have access to social networks. But for the vast majority of women in the world, this is not the case. The idea of ​​HearMeToo, he explains, it is to give examples of female victims, who have survived various forms of violence around the world and in different social classes. And also to bring the word of those who have to answer these questions of harassment and violence, ie the police, the social services, the health services, the whole state structure in fact which has a responsibility vis-à-vis against these violations and who must listen to women who are victims of such violence. "

These sixteen days of activism symbolically start on 25 November, the date of the World Day Against Violence Against Women, and end on 10 December, the date of International Human Rights Day. In Paris, it manifested itself this Saturday in the form of a march between the Place de la République and the Place de l'Opéra at the initiative of a collective mobilized under the banner of another word. sharp – #WeAll – relayed on social networks. During this sixteen-day period, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's partners in the United Nations Campaign to End Violence Against Women are invited to organize meetings in partnership with national, regional and global women's movements, victim advocates and women's human rights advocates, and also to create opportunities for dialogue between activists, decision-makers and the public.

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<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "As in previous years, says the UN The orange color will be a key element in the unification of all activities, with buildings and monuments being lit and decorated in orange in order to draw the world's attention to this initiative. reservations by certain associations such as the GAMS (Group for the Abolition of Sexual Mutilations and Forced Marriages) federation, whose director, Isabelle Gillette-Faye, was on the phone. " If the initiative taken by the United Nations allows heads of state, large NGOs, international institutions, local policies to seize it to improve the situation of women, girls and teenagers, then this is very well "She rejoices" But we, what we would likeshe objected immediately, it is like a booster shot, a bit like a vaccine, that we would call back every year but that, throughout the year, this vaccine is effective "Data-reactid =" 34 "> As in previous years, says the UN, the color orange will be a key element in the unification of all activities, buildings and monuments being lit and decorated in orange in the aim of drawing the attention of the whole world to this initiative, an initiative welcomed with some reservations by certain associations such as the GAMS (Group for the Abolition of Sexual Mutilation and Forced Marriage) federation, whose director we have joined, Isabelle Gillette-Faye, on the phone. If the initiative taken by the United Nations allows heads of state, large NGOs, international institutions, local policies to seize it to improve the situation of women, girls and teenagers, then this is very well "She rejoices" But we, what we would likeshe objected immediately, it is like a booster shot, a bit like a vaccine, that we would call back every year but that, throughout the year, this vaccine is effective ".

<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Isabelle Gillette-Faye regrets that these days of action be a little ' The tree that hides the forest "A chestnut" to be more precise, the name given in the press to the subjects who return each year at the same time. However, she does not deny the usefulness of these days of action which will also participate, at its level, its association. " I still find that it is very interesting compared to MeToo, she says, because the accumulation of violence against women is not effectively limited to sexual violence or sexual harassment. They are much more numerous, much larger, they act from the youngest age to the death of the person. The idea is that it has to affect women of all origins, ages, and generations. It takes different forms and the forms of violence can be cumulative between them. "Data-reactid =" 35 "> Isabelle Gillette-Faye regrets that these days of action is a little" The tree that hides the forest "A chestnut" to be more precise, the name given in the press to the subjects who return each year at the same time. However, she does not deny the usefulness of these days of action which will also participate, at its level, its association. " I still find that it is very interesting compared to MeToo, she says, because the accumulation of violence against women is not effectively limited to sexual violence or sexual harassment. They are much more numerous, much larger, they act from the youngest age to the death of the person. The idea is that it has to affect women of all origins, ages, and generations. It takes different forms and the forms of violence can be cumulative between them. "

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<p class = "canvas-atom-text-canvas Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Isabelle Gillette-Faye is also the first to recognize that things have changed a bit since last year: " MeToo had an impact, if I take the example of the number of complaintsshe analyzes. " On the other hand, she regrets, I am still waiting to know if it has resulted in more convictions and more aggressors. We can have a 22% increase in complaints. But if, in the end, if we always have, as is the case, only 2% of the perpetrators who are prosecuted and convicted, this will not serve much purpose "Data-reactid =" 37 "> Isabelle Gillette-Faye is also the first to admit that things have changed a bit since last year:" MeToo had an impact, if I take the example of the number of complaintsshe analyzes. " On the other hand, she regrets, I am still waiting to know if it has resulted in more convictions and more aggressors. We can have a 22% increase in complaints. But if, in the end, if we always have, as is the case, only 2% of the perpetrators who are prosecuted and convicted, this will not serve much purpose ".

According to data collected by UN Women from 87 countries from 2005 to 2016, 19% of women aged 15 to 49 reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the 12 months prior to survey, figures that are in reality much higher than those stated in this study, according to many associations. These data do not take into account, for example, violence suffered in conflict zones where rapes are practically systematic. According to UN Women, one of the main obstacles to efforts to prevent and eliminate violence against women and girls from all walks of life is the lack of funding, which makes the sixteen days of mobilization the duration.

<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Even if framework programs such as objectives Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015 include eliminating violence against women and girls, providing hope, having enough money to truly transform the lives of women and girls " For example, countries that have trained police officers to receive complaints of violence against women are much more effective at both gathering and detecting them. " says Julien Pellaux, from UN Women. " If the person is not trained to be aware of certain clues, she is not going to realize that there is a problem that is more serious and take action. So there has to be funding that is specific to respond to violations. ""data-reactid =" 39 "> Even if framework programs such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015 tend to eliminate violence against women and girls and bring hope they must have enough money to really transform the lives of women and girls. " For example, countries that have trained police officers to receive complaints of violence against women are much more effective at both gathering and detecting them. " says Julien Pellaux, from UN Women. " If the person is not trained to be aware of certain clues, she is not going to realize that there is a problem that is more serious and take action. So there has to be funding that is specific to respond to violations. "

<p class = "canvas-atom-canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "And he cites the example of Tanzania where Thanks to a program promoted by UN Women, each police station now has an officer who is trained in gender and violence against women and can respond to it. " Yet it is one of the least developed countries in the world. So this proves that it is not a question of resources but a question of political will "Observes Julien Pellaux. " After, he continues, there must also be an investment in prevention. This is really an area where there is a huge lack of resources. That's why the sixteen-day campaigns are important, and that's one of the reasons we have to let creativity speak for itself in each country. But, he concludes, it must go beyond these awareness campaigns. For example, we need to look at school textbooks, all the issues of discrimination against women who subscribe subtly in everything that affects us from day to day. Or the gender stereotypes in advertising ", An area where the representation of the image of women still leaves much to be desired.
"data-reactid =" 40 "> And he cites the example of Tanzania where, thanks to a program promoted by UN Women, each police station now has in its ranks an officer who is trained in gender and violence issues. to women and who knows how to answer them. " Yet it is one of the least developed countries in the world. So this proves that it is not a question of resources but a question of political will "Observes Julien Pellaux. " After, he continues, there must also be an investment in prevention. This is really an area where there is a huge lack of resources. That's why the sixteen-day campaigns are important, and that's one of the reasons we have to let creativity speak for itself in each country. But, he concludes, it must go beyond these awareness campaigns. For example, we need to look at school textbooks, all the issues of discrimination against women who subscribe subtly in everything that affects us from day to day. Or the gender stereotypes in advertising ", An area where the representation of the image of women still leaves much to be desired.

  • Reminder: in France, anyone exposed to violence against women can contact 3919 where is insured anonymous listening and free seven days a week.