It can be very frustrating for a couple to try to conceive and fail all the time. What is even more saddening is that in attempts to get it right, they begin to engage in love making on a schedule, which becomes taxing and trite for either partner. The truth about infertility is that it never seems to be a bother until it hits a couple in the face. Months of trying turn into years, and it is only then that a couple begins to doubt their ability to conceive. Even so, they turn a blind eye on the issue and come up with excuses like, “Maybe we’ve just been too tired lately” or “Perhaps my sperm wasn’t enough” or “Maybe I wasn’t ovulating when we tried”. With proper education, couples can be given a fighting chance against infertility through early diagnosis and treatments.
Symptoms of infertility in women
Of course, the first apparent sign of infertility is a woman’s inability to get pregnant. This doesn’t become clear until a couple has tried numerous times and was still unsuccessful. It takes a lot of exams and tests in the doctor’s clinic in order to come up with a conclusive diagnosis of infertility, but there are several signs that emerge even before a check-up.
Irregular or no periods
When a woman has irregular menstrual periods, and especially when she misses her periods for a few months, it means she is not ovulating, and therefore her partner’s sperms are not meeting any ovum. Inability to ovulate, or anovulation could be attributed to PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) or LUFS (luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome). PCOS is a condition wherein the ovaries form water-filled painless cysts that prevent the creation and release of eggs. LUFS, on the other hand, is a condition wherein abnormalities in the follicle rupture and prevent the egg to be released from getting into the abdominal cavity when ovulation is due.
Pelvic pain and discomfort
Pelvic pain could also be another symptom of infertility. Persistent pain in the pelvic area may be due to an infection, fibroid tumors or endometriosis, which could all hinder effective fertilization.
Watching out for basal body temperature (BBT) could also tell a woman a lot about her ability to conceive. This is simply the lowest body temperature achieved when the body is at rest. When woman ovulates, her BBT rises to at least one half degree Celsius, or a full degree Fahrenheit. If your basal body temperature is consistently low, it could mean you are not ovulating, perhaps due to hormonal imbalances. If your BBT is low during the first half of your monthly cycle, you could have too much estrogen. Alternatively, if your BBT is high during the first half of your cycle, you have very little estrogen. And if your BBT remains low during the other half of your cycle, then your progesterone levels are too low. Ultimately, if your BBT remains stagnant, and does not rise, you may not be ovulating.
Inconsistent cervical mucus
Finally, checking on the quality of your cervical mucus helps with determining infertility too. When you are fertile, your cervical mucus should not be thick. It must be watery and clear. If your mucus is thick and translucent, you could be suffering from hormonal imbalances, which could be causing your inability to conceive.
Symptoms of infertility in men
There’s no way of telling if a man is incapable of fertilizing an egg, unless he is impotent and cannot sustain an erection and most certainly cannot ejaculate. The only definite way of finding out about male infertility is through a semen analysis and examination of reproductive organs.