Sinusitis/Sinus headache: Treatments In Herbal Medicine Perspective

I. Sinusitis is defined as a condition of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses of which can develop headache as a result of exposure to a cold or flu virus, or an allergic reaction to pollen, mold, dust or smoke, etc..Sinusitis affects 37 million people each year.

II. Treatments In herbal medicine perspective
1. Peppermint
Peppermint contains high amounts of menthol which have long been used in herbal medicine to treat various pain conditions including headache. In a randomised, triple-blind, placebo-controlled, crossed-over study conducted in the neurology Clinic of Nemazee Hospital, affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, southern Iran, from March 2007 to March 2008. Menthol solution can be an efficacious, safe and tolerable therapeutic option for the abortive treatment of migraine(81)

2. Feverfew
In the article of Feverfew Benefits, the writer wrote that Feverfew has been used to stimulate appetite, and improve digestion and kidney function. It may also relieve dizziness, tinnitus, and painful or sluggish menstruation. Its extracts have been claimed to relieve asthma, coughs, dermatitis and worms(82)

3. Ginger roots
Even though there are no scientific research to confirm the benefits of ginger root for sinus congestion, but the herb may has been used in herbal medicine in treating viral and nasal congestion. the anti-inflammatory effect of ginger may also reduce swollen sinus membranes that can clear sinus passages and reducing sinus pressure.

4. Cinnamon
Cinnamon contains Myristicin (1-allyl-5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene), an active aromatic compound has anti-inflammatory properties related with its inhibition of NO, cytokines,chemokines, and growth factors in dsRNA-stimulated macrophages via the calcium pathway(83) of which can reduce swollen sinus membranes that can clear sinus passages and reducing sinus pressure.

5. Bromelain
In the study of the crude extract from the pineapple that contains, among other components, various closely related proteinases, demonstrating, in vitro and in vivo, conducted by Freie Universität Berlin, Dr.Maurer HR indicated that, a wide range of therapeutic benefits has been claimed for bromelain, such as reversible inhibition of platelet aggregation, angina pectoris, bronchitis, sinusitis, surgical traumas, thrombophlebitis, pyelonephritis and enhanced absorption of drugs, particularly of antibiotics.(84)


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