As we mentioned in previous articles, infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse or can not carry the pregnancy to term. It effects over 5 millions couple alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seeks help from professional specialist.In this article, we will discuss what is female infertility tubal patency test ??
It is the test to check the health of Fallopian tube and make sure there is no blockage in the tube with X ray examination.
there are 3 types of tubal patency test
1. Hysterosalpingography (H.S.G.
Normally, dye is injected through the cervix, it then fill the uterus and flows into the Fallopian tube. if there is a blockage, the pressure may build up causing pain.
2. Gas Insufflation
An instrument is inserted into the canal of the cervix and carbon dioxide gas is flown into the cavity of the uterus. If the tube is not block, the initial rise in pressure is followed by a sudden reduction or otherwise it indicates blockage.
It is performed under a general anaesthesia as outpatient in the hospital. Under lapaproscopy, after tiny incision is made at the lower border of the umbilicus, the abdominal cavity is then expanded with carbon dioxide gas to create more space for your doctor to have a clean view of the pelvic organs, then an laparoscope which is inserted into the abdominal cavity and the uterus, tubes and ovaries are thoroughly inspected.
Through the diagnosis, the tubal patency test allows your doctor to see deep inside of the site for any tubal obstruction, if there is presented of any irregularity in the cavity of the uterus. However, this test cannot pinpoint the existence of pelvic adhesion or implants which may be enveloping in the ovaries and preventing the egg from entering to the tubes.