Obesity – Causes and Treatment

Obesity is a condition in which there is excess fat in a body. This is usually a result of consumption of food in excess of needs and is common among people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Women tend to put on extra weight after childbirth and at menopause.

The extra fats in an obese person put a strain on the heart, kidneys and liver and also on the hips, knees and ankles. Overweight people are more at risk of getting high blood pressure, heart failure, coronary thrombosis, diabetes, gout, arthritis, liver and gall-bladder disorders.

Causes

While the main cause of obesity is due to overeating, the undercoming reasons are traced to people who over-eat due to emotional moods such as boredom, unhappiness, loneliness, and discontentment with their private or social lives.

Another cause of obesity is due to disorders of the thyroid or pituitary glands.

Treatment

There are no shortcuts to weight reduction. Obese people should follow a strict diet plan and exercise program.

A strict diet plan is not restricted to merely a reduction in consumption of food. It is imperative to avoid high-fat foods and foods high in carbohydrates such as ice-cream, cakes, pastries, chocolates, cheese, butter, fried foods, fat meats, potatoes, etc.

In a low-fat and low-carbohydrate diet, it is recommended to increase consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, grains, seeds and nuts. Take note that the keyword is low-fat and low-carbohydrate and not no-fat or no-carbohydrates as the body requires some amount of fat and carbohydrates to work. Carbohydrates can be increased according to the physical requirements. Tin foods or canned fruits are to be avoided.

Another remedy for weight reduction is to consume lime juice a few times daily. It is common to add the juices of fruits and / or vegetables to the lime juice.

Almost all types of tea are beneficial. So are herbal drinks.

Obese persons should consult their medical practitioners to determine their physical condition before starting an exercise program. Needless to say, it is important to start with exercises that are not so strenuous such as light walking and swimming and then progress to brisk walking and gym workouts. The exercise program should preferably be for a minimum duration of 30 minutes per session three to four times per week.

Last but not least, have sufficient rest and sleep for a healthy body and mind.

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