Male infertility treatment is not often discuss, however infertility in men is in fact more common than we presume. Much like infertility in women, male infertility causes can be structural or functional.
Structural Male Infertility Causes
Structural infertility in men happens if there is a blockage in the passage from the testicles to the urethra. Another form of architectural infertility in men is when there is a varicocele i.e. inflammation of veins around the testes. This excessive volume of blood flow generates unnecessary heat which will kill off the sperm. The remedy frequently calls for risky surgical treatment. Fortunately, these are rare male infertility causes.
Functional Male Infertility Causes
Functional male infertility causes can be caused by
– Genetic causes and are typical in men with few or no sperms
– Hormone disorders
– Reduced sperm count
– Poor motility
– No sperm
– Reduced semen production
In these cases, the sperm either does not have the full gene in order to fertilize the ovum or is unable to make it through the passage through the cervix to fertilize the eggs e.g. due to a lack of conducive surroundings because of reduced semen development.
One of the most common factors behind male infertility is reduced sperm count and poor sperm motility.
So, what are the options for male infertility treatment?
Fertility medicines such androgens (mesterolone), FSH injections, kallikrein, testolactone, clomiphene, steroids, and antioxidants (vitamins E and C) are being used to enhance sperm creation. Unfortunately, probably none of these had been found to be significantly helpful in male infertility treatment.
One of the most successful male infertility treatment in such cases had in fact been seen in Traditional Chinese Medicine in combination with dietary and life-style adjustments, including the intake of vitamins, minerals, and enzymes, and quitting any type of substance abuse.
Traditional Chinese Medicine had demonstrated that they are extremely effective in treating unidentified factors behind infertility in men. The basic principle of Traditional Chinese Medicine in male infertility treatment works on toning the body for fertility, so the constructive impact of the treatment will be evident primarily following about three months, which is the time it takes for a sperm to fully develop. Even so, the overall improvement to an individual’s well being can be sensed only after a couple of appointment using Traditional Chinese Medicine.
In cases where the above mentioned male infertility treatments are not successful, artificial insemination or donor insemination may be advised. These will involve IUI treatment or IVF treatment.
IUI treatment is the procedure where the sperm is specially obtained and prepared so that higher concentrations of the extremely motile sperms are picked and inserted through the cervix at about the time of ovulation. IUI can be combined with the use of certain medicines in order to induce the ovaries to produce larger numbers of ova, which further improves the chances of pregnancy. This is a commonly used infertility therapy in cases where low sperm count or quality is the primary cause of male infertility.
IVF treatment is administered only if IUI has failed or if there is also female infertility issues. In some cases ICSI is done as part of the IVF the treatment plan. ICSI involves injecting a single sperm into an egg. Even if sperm has not appear during ejaculation, doctors may be able to take sperm directly from testes, or from the bladder (in cases of retrograde ejaculation), and use that sperm to fertilize an egg in the lab.
Having said that , IVF is an extremely dear the treatment plan and involve some risk to the woman, so some couples may opt to use donor sperm for IUI.