The disorder due to which a woman fails to conceive is known as Female infertility. There is a gamut of factors causing it:
Age as a general factor: The downward spiral of female fertility begins from 27. At 35 she approaches toward infertility. And rate of success of becoming pregnant goes down from 3% to 5% post 30. At 50 menopause occurs and this puts a full stop to the dreams and aspirations of becoming a mother.
Gene as a factor decides on the androgen insensitivity syndrome which gives birth to problems.
Hypothalamic- pituitary factor is responsible for causing Hypothalamic Amenorrhea. This accounts for the lack of menstruation due to hormonal disbalance. This discrepancy happens due to discordance in the thyroid gland and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system. Since, these organs control the reproduction process, a problem in them ruins fertility in women.
One of the ovarian factors like Polycystic ovary syndrome affects the production of FSH or follicle-stimulating hormone. Consequently, the production and development of egg or ovum faces with a deadlock causing infertility. Other disorders are Anovulation and Diminished Ovarian Reserve. Innately women have a definite egg or oocyte reserve, which depletes as age advances. Also, the condition of oocytes degenerates.
Premature Menopause is another bane, which affects the follicles such that much ahead of menopause, the woman starts to show its signs, and subsequently female infertility occurs. Menopause again freezes the whole menstrual cycle. Failure of the eggs to get embedded and sterility looms large. This is called Luteal dysfunction or Luteal Phase Defect. Even Ovarian Cancer snatches away the capacity to be impregnated. Gonadal dysgenesis that occurs as Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism lowers down the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Lutenizing hormone (LH) resulting in the underdevelopment of ovaries producing matured eggs.
Tubal or ectopic peritoneal factor – The formation of endometrial cells outside the womb, apart from being inside the uterine cavity, gives rise to Endometriosis. Female hormones affect these cells boith inside and outside the cavity. With time the condition worsens and the woman is doomed with infertility. In fact one of the common reasons of sterility is endometriosis. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, constituting bacterial infections, attacks the female pelvic zone comprising reproductive organs, appendix and part of the intestine. Serious disorders like the obstruction of the fallopian tubes also happen. Resultantly, eggs fail to reach out to the uterus. This state is termed as Salpingitis and renders a woman barren. Pelvic Tuberculosis is another heinous form of PID, which has a stark effect on the capacity to be pregnant.
Factor affecting Uterine is equally pernicious. If you are suffering from Uterine Fibroids then the border area of uterine cavity or the submucosal uterine fibroid kick off continuous and abnormal bleeding during periods. This, in turn, can fasten the process of infertility or lead to miscarriage.
Cervical Stenosis and Non-receptive cervical mucus are some of the cervical factors responsible for female infertility. Certain factors like the low production of cervical mucus or its inability to facilitate the movement of the sperms to enter uterus, cervical narrowing (Stenosis) deteriorate the condition. Cervical infections because of Sexually Transmitted Diseases like Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma hominis, Trichomonas, ureaplasma urealyticum cause sterility too. Even sperm allergy is a viable reason.
Female infertility is thus caused as a result of an array of factors. However, traditional medications fail to point out the actual reasons. Rather they end up with pocket-crunching and complex techniques like IVF and ICSI, which might not be fruitful. Trying out-of-the-box approaches like the holistic remedies look to hook the real causes and then apply effective treatment. Chinese medications, herbs, exercise, diet, acupuncture and changes in the lifestyle are some of the forms of holistic principles that cure infertility.