Cough

Coughing is a reflex that keeps your throat and airways clear. Coughs are one of the most frequent symptoms of childhood illness A cough can be caused by inflammation of your upper respiratory tract (throat and windpipe) due to a viral infection. Coughing is an action the body takes to get rid of substances that are irritating the air passages. A cough is usually initiated to clear a buildup of phlegm in the trachea.

  Coughing can also be triggered by a bolus of food entering the trachea rather than the esophagus due to a failure of the epiglottis. A cough is a protective, primitive reflex in healthy individuals. The cough reflex is initiated by stimulation of two different classes of afferent nerves, namely the myelinated rapidly adapting receptors, and nonmyelinated C-fibers with endings in the lungs.

Symptoms:

A person who is about to cough first draws a deep and hard breath in. This action immediately causes his glottis to close and his muscles to contract, thus setting up pressure in the chest. Then suddenly, the glottis opens an explosive discharge of air sweeps by the air passages and carries with it the excess secretions, which has irritated the bronchi, larynx or trachea.

Causes of Cough:

A cough is mainly caused by inflammation of the pharynx or the larynx. A cough may develop in the chest because of seasonal changes.
The other cause of this disorder is clogging of the bronchial tubes with waste items. This is mainly due to wrong feeding habits. The other chief reason for higher incidence of cough during winter season is that an average person usually has more of catarrh-forming foods such as pie, pudding, porridge, sugar, white bread and meat.

Besides cold and flu, other common causes of coughs include asthma, allergies(like hay fever) ,lung infections such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema or chronic bronchitis); sinusitis leading to postnasal drip; smoking cigarettes or exposure to secondhand smoke; pollutants; and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A cough due to a lung infection may start out suddenly but then linger on. If a child has a barking cough, see croup.

Home Remedies:

Cough treatment with Grapes:
   Grapes are one of the most successful home remedies for the treatment of a cough. Grapes tone up the lungs and act as an expectorant, relieving an easy cold and cough in a couple of days. A cup of grape juice mixed with a teaspoon of honey is recommended for cough relief. One of the best home remedies for cough.

Cough treatment with Almonds:
   Almonds are helpful for dry coughs. Seven kernels must be soaked in water overnight and the brown skin removed. They must then be ground well to form a well paste. A quantity of twenty grams each of butter and sugar must be added to the paste. This paste must be taken in the morning and evening.

Cough treatment via Onion:
   The use of raw onion is precious in a cough. This vegetable must be chopped fine and the juice removed from it. One teaspoon of the juice must then be mixed with one teaspoon of honey and reserved for four or five hours-it will make an admirable cough syrup and should be taken two times daily. Onions are also helpful in removing phelgm. A medium-sized onion must be crushed, the juice of one lemon added to it, and then one cup of boiling water poured on it. A teaspoon of honey can be added in it for taste. This medicine should be taken two or three times a day. One of the effective home remedies for cough.

Cough treatment with Turmeric:
    The root of the turmeric plant is valuable in a dry cough. The root must he roasted and powdered. This powder should be taken in three-gram doses two times daily, in the morning and evening.

Cough treatment with Belleric Myroblan:
    The herb belleric myroblan is a homebased remedy for a cough. A mixture comprising two grams of the pulp of the fruit, 1/4 teaspoon of salt, 1/2 teaspoon of long pepper, and 2 teaspoons of honey should be managed for the treatment of this condition twice daily. The dried fruit enclosed with wheat flour and roasted , is another well-liked remedy for cough condition. One of the useful home remedies for cough.

Cough treatment by means of Raisins:
    A sauce prepared from raisins is also valuable in a cough. This sauce is prepared by crushing 100 gm of raisins with water. About 100 gm of sugar must be mixed with it and the mixture heated. When the mixture attains a sauce-like consistency, it should be preserved. Twenty grams must be taken at bedtime every day. One of the popular home remedies for cough.

Cough treatment with Aniseed:
    Aniseed is another effective remedy for a hard dry cough with hard expectoration. It might breaks up the mucus. A tea made from this spice must be taken on a regular basis for treating this condition One of the simple home remedies for cough.

Cough treatment with Almonds:
    Almonds are useful in dry coughs. They should be soaked in water for about an hour or so and the brown skin removed. They should then be ground will to form a fine paste and 20 grams each of butter and sugar added to it. This paste should be given in the morning and evening.

Diet:

The procedure is to take the juice of an orange diluted in warm water every two hours during the day. The warm water enema should be used daily to cleanse the bowels. After the juice diet, the patient should adopt an all-fruit diet for further two or three days.

In case of mild cough, the patient can begin with an all fruit diet for five days or so, taking three meals a day of fresh juicy fruits such as apple, pear, grapes, grape-fruit, orange, pineapple, peaches and melon. For drinks, unsweetened lemon water or cold or hot plain water may be taken. After the all fruit diet, the patient should follow a well-balanced diet, with emphasis on whole grain cereals, raw or lightly cooked vegetables and fresh fruits.

The patient should drink hot water freely. This will make the secretion thinner and less viscid, thereby loosing the cough. The quantity of water should be considerable so as to cause a feeling of warmth and perspiration. When the skin becomes moist by sweating, the mucous membrance also pours out watery secretion giving much relief.

All-fruit diet:
   After the juice fast, the patient must adopt an all-fruit diet for two or three days. In case of a mild cough, the patient can start with an all-fruit diet for five to seven days, taking three meals a day of fresh juicy fruits such as apples, pears, grapes, grape-fruit, oranges, pineapples, peaches, and melons. For drinks, unsweetened lemon water, or cold or hot simple water may be given.

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