Services for Adults and Children With Developmental Disabilities

What is a developmental disability?

These are physical and mental conditions that present themselves in the first 18 years of a person's life. Developmental disabilities vary and can be physical, mental, or genetic disorder. The most common types are hearing or speech difficulties, learning and intellectual development disabilities such as mental retardation, Down syndrome, and attention deficit disorder, and other neurological impairment like cerebral palsy. Over the years, more and more non-profit organizations rose to answer the growing needs of people with such problems.

The most common intellectual disabilities: Down syndrome, autism, and mental retardation

Intellectual developmental disabilities affect a person's ability to learn, develop motor skills, and understand logic. Affected individuals find communicating, doing basic chores, and making sound decisions difficult. Those with mental retardation find it hard to develop language skills. Simple tasks such as eating, tying a shoelace, and even hair combing can also be extremely difficult for these people.

People with autism, on the other hand, commonly have communication development difficulties and are often challenged by social interaction. Persons with this type of disorder are about about routines and doing the same things repetitively. Autistics often develop a world of their own because of their inability to relate to the normal perception of other people. When diagnosed and treated early, autistics stand a good chance of living a normal life with proper medication. They can even hold employment and later on get married and have children.

This does not say that people with developmental disabilities are not capable of learning at all. With help from people surrounding them and from professionals, they can live better lives.

Hope for people with developmental disabilities

Today, people with great concern for individuals who need special care continue to provide employment and recreational and medical services. They also foster family care to affected individuals. These non-profit organizations create opportunities for persons with disabilities to help improve their lives. They also educate people on how to cope with people with impairments.

Some non-profit organizations offer a variety of active treatment services. Every single patient receives an individualized health care plan. These services are performed on a regular basis and adjusted accordingly depending on the progress of a patient.

The therapies are as follows:

1. Physical therapy. PT services help patients develop mobility by means of various hands-on techniques. This may involve exercises and use of adaptive equipment.

2. Occupational therapy. This type of therapy helps patients do normal everyday chores through purposeful activities.

3. Speech therapy. This helps with the development of language and communication skills.

There are many other services tailor to help adults and children with disabilities. Now, parents and families of mentally and intellectually challenged individuals have a support group. They do not have to live mediocre lives because of their disabilities. Proper medical care, moral support, and the opportunity to live normal lives will help these people cope with the rest of the world.

13 Gruesome Skin Diseases

Here are 13 gruesome skin diseases you most certainly want to avoid. We sometimes forget that the skin is a major organ of the body and as such is susceptible to many weird and gruesome diseases. The following 13 all have one thing in common, they are extremely unpleasant.

1. Aquagenic Urticaria – Is a disease which when the skin comes in to contact with water results in harsh burning and itching. Drinking water can cause sliding of the throat and lead to shortness of breath. Showers can be a major problem causing pain to the eyes. Even tears on the face and sweating can trigger a reaction. Unfortunately there is no known cure.

2. Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis – Is a very rare inherited skin disorder that can result in wart-like lesions and viral warts appearing anywhere over the body. Unfortunately this is a lifelong disease with no known treatment preventing new breakouts. Apart from the obvious discomfort and appearance issues, the major issue is preventing the lesions from turning in to skin cancer.

3. Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bulosa – Is a skin disorder that is very rare but potentially fatal. It is a genetic condition which causes the skin to blister and very easily come away from the body with the smallest amount of contact. It is extremely painful and can leave sufferers with scarring and disfigurement.

4. Systemic Scieroderma – Is an auto-immune disease affecting the connective tissues of the skin. It can cause widespread hardening and tightness of the skin. This can result in swelling, redness and itching of the skin which can be extremely painful. At its worse, it can cause serious problems to major organs such as the lungs, heart or kidneys.

5. Leishmans – Is a disease caused by a sandfly bite. It can result in skin sores, ulcers and scaly ashen skin. At its worst it can affect the internal organs such as the liver and spleen.

6. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis – Is a serious skin disease that has a 30 to 40% chance of death. It is a condition which causes the top layer of skin to detach from the lower layers of the skin. This can cause large areas of the skin to peel away from the body leaving sufferers susceptible to deadly infection.

7. Tungiasis – Is a skin disease resulting in an infection by sand fleas otherwise known as a Tunga penetrans flea. Symptons include severe pain, swelling and inflammation and ulcerations. The disease itself is not lethal, but mortality can occur from secondary infections.

8. Pemphigus Vulgaris – Is a very serious skin blistering condition that can be fatal if not treated. It usually occurs in people over the age of 50 and is not infectious. It is caused as a result of an auto-immune disease where the body's own tissues are attacked by the immune system.

9. Melanoma Skin Cancer – Is generally the most serious type of skin cancer. Ultra violet light is the main cause from either sunbeds or the sun. Sunburn basically means your chances of skin cancer have rough doubled. Melanoma picked up early can be treatable but at worst can be lethal.

10. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome – Is a potentially lethal skin disease. It is usually as a result of a drug reaction. Symptons can be as minor as coughs, headaches and a red rash on the face and body. More seriously this rash can turn in to blisters which can spread and become infected which can result in death.

11. Methicillin-Resistan Staphylococcus Aureus – Is a bacterian that often causes abscess formation on the skin. It is usually found on the skin and also in the nostrils area. It can enter the body through cuts and abrasions on the skin. In its worst form it can enter the bloodstream and result in serious infections such as pneumonia and bone infections.

12. Harlequin Ichthyosis – Is a serious genetic disorder affecting the skin that is incurable. Infants born with this condition, find their skin grows extremely fast into a thick crusty skin similar to armour. Because the skin is so thick and tight it restricts movement of legs and arms and causes the face and mouth to become extremely distorted. It is very unusual for a child with this condition to survive to discrimination.

13. Epidermis Bulosa – Is a disease of the connective tissues of the skin which causes blistering of the skin. Mild cases can result in blistering of the skin similar to that of a burn. More serious types can be lethal due to internal problems making swallowing and eating difficult.

Childhood Obesity Is A Serious Problem

Obesity is a health condition where weight gain moves to a point that it poses a grim risk to health. One of the best ways to reduce the chances of childhood obesity is to improve the diet patterns and help your child cultivate exercise habits. Taking care of and preventing childhood obesity helps protect the health of your child and can avoid serious ailments. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a scientific indicator of determining the amount of body fat for children two years of age or older. Regular check-ups and advice from your child’s doctor can help you assess if your child’s weight can pose health issues in the future course.

Prospective dietary factors behind obesity

Obesity occurs when a person takes in more energy than they expend, while some people are genetically vulnerable than others, but the rise in obesity has been too hasty to be attributed to genetic factors and thus reflect changes in eating habits and levels of physical activity. Dormant lifestyles, high dietary intake of junk foods in place of homemade food, high intakes of sugar sweetened soft drinks and fruit juices, and strict dieting are chief reasons of increasing childhood obesity.

The most important cause behind rising childhood obesity occurs at a time when the proportion of energy derived from fat decreases substantially. It is thus important to consume healthy food rather than the larger amount. Moreover, foods rich in glycaemic index such as breads, potatoes, soft drinks, biscuits and cakes cause significant rise in blood sugar levels immediately after consumption and also stimulates hunger, causing overeating. These food articles thus induce flab causing heart disease and diabetes. The increased consumption of junk food that is high in fat, energy intense, has a high glycaemic index is a major reason of increasing child obesity. Junk foods are high on energy and low on micro nutrient foods are causative agents in obesity. Fibrous food products rich in anti-oxidants and healthy day schedules can help manage this problem. Prevention and management of obesity requires synchronized efforts to improve diet and induce the physical efforts in the early years of children at schools, in families and communities.

Actions to Prevent and Remedial measures for Obesity

Obese children are more prone to mental sickness as they feel detached and unfriendly. They need regular and careful medical examination by a pediatrician to assess a physical cause. If obesity is not due to the genetic disorder, the only way to reduce weight is by reducing the number of calories consumed and to increase the child’s level of physical activity by indulging into sports. Cultivate healthy eating habits, avoiding fatty and sugar rich junk foods and include fruits, vegetables and low-fat snacks in the daily diet. Increase physical activity, by taking a few brisk walks with your child every day.

Obese children feel isolated. Let your child know he or she is loved and appreciated irrespective of appearance and overweight. An overweight child probably knows better than anyone else that he or she has an overweight problem. They need love, support, acceptance, and encouragement from their parents and community. Encourage and enjoy healthy foods and physical activity like sports, walk, etc. Set good examples for your child. Don’t be shy of your child’s overweight. When your child sees you enjoying healthy foods and physical activity, he or she is more likely to enjoy the same for rest of life.

Lenz microphthalmia syndrome – Medical Definition and Pronunciation

Lenz microphthalmia syndrome

Lenz microphthalmia syndrome: A genetic disorder characterized by microphthalmia (small eye) or anopthalmia (no eye) associated with malformation of the ears, teeth, fingers, skeleton, and genitourinary system. About half of patients have microcephaly (small head) and mental retardation. The syndrome is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner with females carrying a mutation at one of two separate gene loci on the X chromosome, ANOP1 and ANOP2. Their sons, who inherit the mutation, are affected by the syndrome and rarely reproduce. The syndrome is named for Widukind Lenz (1919-1995), a German medical geneticist, who first described the syndrome in 1955. (It was Lenz who in 1961 established that the use of thalidomide by pregnant women caused malformations and that year succeeded in having thalidomide withdrawn from the market.)

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