The symptoms of dementia can affect people differently, especially because there are different types of dementia. The four main types are vascular dementia, Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia and Lewy body dementia. Lewy body dementia or Lewy body dementia is the third most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 100,000 people in the United Kingdom. This is caused by small round masses of protein that accumulate in the nerve cells of the brain.
Alzheimers Research UK explains: "One of these proteins is called alpha-synuclein, and the masses it forms are called Lewy bodies.
"Protein clots damage the functioning and communication of nerve cells.
"In Lewy body dementia, nerve cells affected by Lewy bodies are located in areas of the brain that control thought, memory, and movement.
"Lewy bodies are also responsible for the damage that causes movement problems in Parkinson's disease."
So what should you look for at the first signs and symptoms of Lewy's dementia?
According to the Mayo Clinic, it is important to pay attention to sleep disorders.
It is written: "You may be suffering from a rapidly evolving sleep disorder that can cause you to fulfill your dreams while you sleep."
The National Sleep Foundation states that typical signs of REM sleep disorders are physical exercise or even getting up and doing walking activities.
It is important to note, however, that disruption of paradoxical sleep behavior is not always an indicator of Lewy's dementia.
The exact cause is not clear, but studies have shown that some medications can trigger the sleep problem.
The evidence also related to post-traumatic stress disorder.
Other symptoms of Lewy body dementia
The NHS lists other symptoms of dementia that require the attention of the Lewy body:
- Problems with comprehension, thinking, memory and judgment – this is similar to Alzheimer's disease, although memory may be less impaired in people with dementia and Lewy bodies
- Periods of fluctuating vigilance alternating with periods of confusion or drowsiness – this can change over time or days
- Slow movement, stiff limbs and tremors (uncontrollable tremors)
- Hallucinations (see or sometimes hear things that are not there)
- Fainting, uncertainties and falls
The body of health adds: "These problems can make daily activities more difficult and possibly a person with this disease may be unable to take care of oneself."
If you think you have the first symptoms of dementia, especially if you are over 65, consult your family doctor.
Here are the first signs of one of the most common types of dementia, vascular dementia.