For many years, the often deadly disease has been particularly prevalent in Africa around the world. The virus spreads quickly because the infection is already enough to touch. There is now hope for people infected with the Ebola virus.
In the fight against the Ebola virus, scientists have made important progress: a clinical trial in the Democratic Republic of Congo has shown that two new drugs significantly reduce the death rate of Ebola patients, said the NIH who finances part of the study,
Treatment of Ebola patients with the REGN-EB3 and mAb114 drugs had reduced the mortality rate to 29 and 34%, respectively, according to the NIH. Untreated, the death rate of people infected with Ebola is between 60 and 67%. Even after treatment with the usual medications, Zmapp and remesivir die in about half of the patients.
Drugs prevent the spread of the virus in the body
The final analysis of the study, which began in November of last year, is not expected until the fall, said the director of the Institute. allergies and infectious diseases of NIH, Anthony Fauci. But the threshold of successful tests has already been reached with REGN-EB3, almost at mAb114. As a result, an independent body stopped the study after 681 treatments. Originally, 725 treatments had been planned in the study. Both drugs can now be used for the treatment of Ebola patients.
Like the drug Zmapp used up to now, REGN-EB3 and mAb114 are so-called monoclonal antibodies that prevent the Ebola virus from infecting other cells in the body of the infected person.
Prevention is important in the fight against Ebola outbreaks
New scientific evidence has shown that it is possible to "dramatically reduce the death rate from Ebola," Fauci said. However, fighting Ebola outbreaks is first and foremost a matter of prevention. "The best way to stop an epidemic (the disease) is to have a good vaccine, as well as a good monitoring of the route of contact, isolation (patients and, eventually, treatment, "he said.
Jeremy Farrar, president of Wellcome Trust, said the study's findings "would definitely save lives."
Since the Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo a year ago, more than 1,800 people have died of the virus in this country of Central Africa.
The disease often ends fatally
The virus is transmitted from wild animals to humans. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Ebola virus spreads among people through direct contact with the blood or other body fluids of infected people. But sometimes even one touch is enough for the infection.
The disease often ends fatally. After the infection, symptoms such as muscle pain, diarrhea and fever, internal bleeding and even organ failure manifest themselves. Prevention is therefore particularly useful and important.
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