"How to prevent species and insects from dying – The networks of biotopes in the landscape are indispensable!"
Climate disasters and extinction of species are the problems that require quick and consistent action.
Chemically oriented industrial agriculture is not only a major factor in global warming, particle production and microbial production, but also a major cause of the dramatic disappearance of plant and animal species, eg i.a. wild bees, which are among the most important pollinators. With toxic manure, deadly pesticides and artificial fertilizers, livelihoods (soil, water and air) are destroyed. The health of humans is also threatened (fine dust, multidrug-resistant germs, poisoned mists, bioaerosols …).
Only a reversal to organic farming can halt this decline. For this reason, it is urgent to clarify the situation regarding pesticides, which is only used by chemical and agricultural companies (including the exhibition "Irrweg Pesticides") 1) Vandana Shiva hopes for a world without pesticides by 2030 and calls for "global civil disobedience" associated with 100% organic farming. 2)
Ecologists try with small oases to preserve the variety or to create new ones. with projects on wild bees (see below: Project 3 "United Nations Decade" for Biodiversity ").
In addition to the extensive permanent field irrigation with contaminated manure or artificial fertilizer and deadly toxins, the disappearance or mutilation of Biotopverbundlinien, especially hedgerows and hedgerows, is one of the main causes of species loss. threatening.
Instead, we need a lot of kilometers to protect climate and species with new hedge lines, hems and rains as well as around the world. The ecological value of the hedgerows (with the central zone, the mantle and the herbaceous space on both sides) has been widely described and documented. 4)
The brochure "Biotopverbundplanung" from Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (1989) shows that even then the need for new hedge lines was clearly apparent,
Riparian plantations, etc. to secure biodiversity in what is called the "cultural landscape"!
Instead, the responsible body ("Environmental Coordination Unit") was dissolved, the booklet disappeared and the destruction of nature, the massacre of hedges and trees continued and, hopefully, the, reaches their final destination with the complete cleaning of the landscape.
What is practiced in this country as a "care" of the "green roadside", can be called from the point of view of animals (insects / pollinators) and plants only as hedge and tree slaughter. This disease often corresponds to damage to public property or "damaging to others" (§ 304 StGB). 5)
Photo: mutilated hedge!
Fraud to compensatory measures – Ahaus is not an isolated case …
In the city of Ahaus, a case of scandalous fraud involving countervailing measures for sealing, construction, industrial areas, etc. has been revealed, indicating gaps in nature protection and construction law! Plantations of trees, hedges, etc., which must be compensated, have not been systematically carried out or removed under the supervision of the competent authorities. 6)
We need the protection and control of natural and ecological functions that guarantee the protection of all landscape elements and natural areas favorable to biodiversity!
The disastrous situation of dying species and insects speaks clearly: the effects of the sum of all the interventions we claim to be legitimately legitimate are not sustainable for our nature! A realistic analysis of the situation shows that we are on a house of cards about to collapse.
We must redefine the expression "superior public interest" in the context of the current extinction of species! In the appearance of this term, many measures prejudicial to nature are supposed to be legitimized, to the detriment of the following generations! Maintaining and protecting the ecosystems that work for future generations is our true "superior public interest".
The "summation effects" and "significant degradations" within the meaning of the Habitats Directive are not recorded in a sufficiently realistic way. Therefore, they are not a sufficient means to prevent species and insects from dying locally.
Even our so-called "compensatory measures" do not guarantee adequate protection of the last undivided natural areas and are not an appropriate means to prevent species and insects from dying locally and globally. 7)
CONCLUSION: Our conservation laws are simply not enough!
Stripes of flowers as a propaganda thing?
"It's perverted." Compared to the intensely cultivated agricultural areas, our cities, and even many adjoining highways, are now almost a haven of biodiversity, "says Susanne Dohrn in her new book" The End of Nature ". Agriculture and calm dying on our doorstep. "8)
The federal law on the protection of nature provides for the networking of biotopes. Especially in agricultural areas, "the linear and punctiform elements necessary for the interconnection of habitats, especially hedgerows and grasslands of the fields, as well as the intermediate biotopes, must be conserved and created when they do not occur. are not sufficiently present "(Article 21 (6)).
Experts have long called for the networking of biotopes everywhere. 9)
The now widely propagated flowerbands are only an attempt to create a small compensation for the extinct, grassy and feldraine hedges.
With a great public relations and propaganda effort, try the chemical and agricultural industries and peasant officials with flowerbands to get you away from the causes of species extinction. Often, in annual flowering strips along monocultures (such as maize), a variety of Blühischungen can be sown. After a few months, these sites are again "treated" (mowed, compacted,
treated with pesticides, etc.). Thus, these areas become deadly traps for the animals, supposedly supposed to help.
The animals wrapped in these bands and their livelihoods will be destroyed again (possibly financed with taxpayer money!).
Photo: "flower strips" next to the corn field …
In any case, as part of the "National Strategy for Biodiversity", 10 municipalities are required to recover the edges of communal roads to create new biotope networks in the form of hedges of ecological importance (with central zone, coat and hem) or bands in permanent flowering with native wild grasses. here is
Efforts in the city of Vreden are positive, especially as a hedged cadastre and a concept of care are proposed. 11) In Münsterland, a model application has been developed. It can be presented in each municipality as a citizen candidacy or via a parliamentary group (see: 12).
The farmers' association has signed framework agreements on biodiversity at state and county levels. However, in open areas with green deserts, there is little to see. Propaganda campaigns are carried out with billboards on erected and populated insect nesting walls, in alibi flowerbands, and so on. A "sustainability strategy" of the WLV produces bubbles and fictitious discussions. Even a consultation of the Chamber of Agriculture in terms of "flower bands" takes place here in the district of Borken, for example. apparently not leading to an attitude more respectful of the nature of farmers.
In addition, slurry removal and poison spraying are performed in ditches and riverbeds. The Water Framework Directive is also not implemented.
Farmers and construction sites of municipalities, county, country continue to kill on hedges and trees. Care close to nature, in accordance with the Nature Protection Act ("grounded" by section about every ten years), must first be desired and applied. Hedgerows are a type of habitat with more species of wood than in the forests and offering many possibilities of life in a very restricted space, if you leave them alone and respect the ecological functions (especially a zone herbaceous enough). 13)
Photo: positive hedge
Given the acceleration of climate change and the dramatic increase in "greenhouse gases", we can no longer afford to continue. Municipalities must all become climate friendly and "flourish", the "National Strategy for Biodiversity" and the UN Agenda for Action by 2030 (for the sustainable development ") will otherwise become a caricature! 14)
If only the planned hedging lines in the land consolidation were activated, the biotope interconnections proposed in the landscaping plans would eventually be implemented and all the compensatory measures put in place and monitored, the sufficient basis for the creation of many kilometers with new biotope networks – especially in the form of hedges and hedgerows available. See "Hedge Lawyer" Georg Müller (www.wallhecke.de) and the Coverage Working Group (www.hecke.wg.vu)!
Photo: Positive flower stripes!
Notes / Literature:
1) Exhibition "Irrweg Pesicides", overview / description here:
and (overview of topics): http://nabu-leverkusen.de/nabubund-leverkusen/themen/pestizide/
Order / Loan: email@example.com
2) Interview with V. Shiva "Without pesticides until 2030", Schrot & Korn, H. 08-2019, p. 25-27 (and:
"Our daily poison: the underestimated danger" by Professor J. Zaller Deuticke Verlag, Vienna 2018; and:
Andre & # 39; Leu: "The lie of pesticides: how the industry puts the health of our children at risk", oekom Verlag, Munich 2018.
United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development until 2030, including: https://www.sustainability.info/ articles / un_agenda_f_r_sustainable_development_to_2030_2036.htm
4) Hedgerows promote more biodiversity in wild birds than organic farming,
See also: Hermann Benjes, Networking habitats with hedges of Benjes,
Publisher Nature & Environment, Bonn 1998.
5) Especially for mutilations of trees, see: com / Heckenschutz.de / (also: "Notes")
6) As in Lower Saxony (https://www.ndr.de/nachrichten/Mangelnde-Kontrolle-bei-Ausgleichsflaechen,ausgleichsflaechen100.html), a systematic weakening of countervailing measures has been discovered in Münsterland: https: // www.muensterlandzeitung.de /ahaus/fehlende-ausgleichsmassnahmen-armin-siemes-behoerden-1423809.html
7) "Legitimate destruction of biodiversity", Heinrich Böll Foundation 11/2018 (https://www.boell.de/de/2018/11/29/legitimierte-zerstoerung-von-biodiversitaet)
8) Links Verlag, Berlin 2017, page 10
9) See, among others. projects with Professor Berthold: https://www.undekade-biologischevielfalt.de/projekte/aktuelle-projekte-beitraege/detail/projekt-details/show/Wettbewerb/1172/
and initiatives: NaturGarden e.V .: https://www.naturgarten.org/ and: Network Blooming Landscape: http://bluehende-landschaft.de/
14) United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development until 2030, including: https://www.sustainability.info/articles/un_agenda_f_r_sustainable_development_to_2030_2036.htm