Bone jobs for apprentices
How can training be stressful?
And suddenly, everything is new: the beginning of active life can be very exhausting for trainees. Sometimes too exhausting. Those who have to cultivate too much are calling for help – before this becomes a permanent problem.
How can training be stressful?
From the businesswoman to the mechanic, in the retail trade or on the construction site: no training is the same. The charges that weigh on future apprentices are very different. And no matter who can be overworked.
One in three trainees have health problems
What is the extent of the problem, shows the
AOK absence report of 2015, for which health insurance had examined the trainees' state of health: one in three (33%) often has, or even always have, health problems, women far more often than men. The most common symptoms are fatigue and fatigue, followed by headaches, backaches and tension.
Some apprentices sometimes hear the following sentence: "You are young, you can not do it." But the opposite is the case, says Manuel Michniok, training expert of the IG Metall union. Young people even need special protection – because they have to grow literally as well as figuratively. "If your health is damaged during this phase, your life and your career will suffer."
The law on safety at work is designed to prevent overwork
Of course, the regulations on safety at work also apply to trainees. For minors, there is also the Youth Employment Protection Act, which includes apprentices under 18 years of age. "This explicitly indicates that young people are not allowed to do work that exceeds their physical or psychological abilities," says Michniok.
The physical and psychological demands of education must always match individual skills, he adds. Arguments such as "the apprentice must still carry 30 kilos bags here" do not count – if someone does not succeed, he does not have to do it.
Workload meets apprentices without preparation
After all, the training itself is stressful enough, which completely strikes the apprentices. "Trainees often have no idea what's going on in the world of work – what's needed and how it feels," says Ingo Weinreich of IfG's consulting firm (Institute of Health). and management).
The IfG offers companies courses or workshops on fitness and health for trainees. For example, those who work physically learn something about how to lift ergonomically, while office apprentices deal with conflict management or media literacy.
Everyday questions also play a role: for example, many trainees simply do not know how to recover properly – because they have never done it. The subject of a healthy lifestyle is also part of it, says the expert. "There is a lot of catching up to do in everyday core skills, including shopping or cooking."
This corresponds to the lawsuit often started by companies, according to which trainees of today are not mature. But Weinreich does not want to get involved. He experienced in the practice of counseling rather than there was a great willingness to work with trainees, "if the omens are right".
Address overload situation
But what if your own training company does not think much about trainee health? Overload can be felt in many ways, explains Manuel Michniok. It can be a backache, extreme tiredness, depression. The first contact is then the trainer, then – if necessary – the trainees' representation or the company committee.
The good news is that trainees who call for help because of a work overload do not have to worry about being thrown away. "And just because you can not work at a certain place for health reasons, that does not mean you have to cancel all training," says Michniok.