Guetersloh The Center for the Development of Higher Education examined which subjects were receiving a special doctorate.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, nearly 200,000 students are currently working on their doctoral studies. Most are enrolled in medicine or natural sciences, says the Center for the Development of Higher Education (CHE). 90% of master's graduates have obtained a PhD in biology.
The leader of doctoral studies from 2015 to 2017 was the subject of medicine with an average of 6274 theses per year, followed by biology (2498), chemistry (2000) and physics (1765). According to the Federal Office of Statistics, 29,000 doctorates were successfully completed in 2017.
The highest promotion rate by biology was recorded in the fields of chemistry (79%), physics (64%) and medicine (63%). The doctorate in law, business administration or architecture is considerably less common. The legal sciences only reach the comparatively low rate of 13.4%.
The results showed the different status of the doctorate in the different fields of study, according to the CHE. "Especially in the classical natural sciences and human medicine, the doctorate always seems to be an unofficial rule finding," says CHE data analyst, Cort-Denis Hachmeister, to the differences.
This is reflected in the participation rates in the subjects. For example, professors in pharmacy, biology, medicine and chemistry earned an average of two doctoral degrees per year. In subjects such as German studies, English or Romance studies with a high proportion of student teachers, the rate was significantly lower.