You can not argue about something like cleanliness in the household. But what do the experts really say: what cleanliness should it be clean?
Hamburg – Are the prejudices really correct? Dust and dirt in the apartment are a sign of a lack of hygiene. Those who do not clean enough or badly endanger the health of their family. Hanne Tügel says no: "We are totally hysterical about hygiene."
The author of the book "Are we still completely clean?" Believes that the cleaning behavior of many people is exaggerated and argues that poorly understood cleanliness can be unhealthy. "The panic of dust and germs is as false as indifference," Tügel said. "It's important to know where and when what debris can be dangerous."
Although the dust on the furniture is unattractive but harmless, you should pay attention to the cutting boards in the kitchen. "They have to be well washed after contact with raw meat, fish and salad," says Tügel. "Because these foods may contain unwanted germs, such as salmonella, their heating makes them harmless, but during treatment they end up on the tools."
Too much chemistry can hurt
Just as you should weigh when using the cleaning agent. Instead of treating dirt with aggressive cleaning agents, Tügel recommends disarming. Because in many products are substances that are difficult to break down and can cause allergies. Bernd Glassl from the industry for personal hygiene and detergents also explains: "A home is never free of germs – and it is not necessary. You can save a lot of chemicals by using the right cleaner for your needs. "
Disinfectants are generally useless
Disinfectants are a particular problem and the Federal Environmental Agency generally discourages their use in ordinary private homes. "There is a risk that disinfectants are not used properly, which can lead to resistance as well as health or environmental risks," says expert Christoph Stang. Especially with many antimicrobial additives in cleaning agents, the effectiveness has not been proven. Therefore, disinfectants should only be used on medical advice.
Another reason for the derogation: "These are aggressive chemicals that continue to act in the sewers and decimate the bacteria present in the treatment plants, which should clean the water," Tügel said.
All purpose cleaner is enough
"Simple cleaners are enough for hygiene in kitchens, bathrooms, toilets and other households," says Stang. A mild detergent for the skin, a mild all-purpose cleaner and an acid cleaner, for example, citric acid based lime and scouring cream in case of heavy soiling – this range is quite sufficient. By the detergent substances in the agents, the bacteria are sufficiently removed.
Observe the manufacturer's instructions
And then it depends on the cleaner: he has to use the cleaning agent according to the manufacturer. The dosage depends on the degree of contamination and the hardness of the water. "You have to leave the cleaning products as long as possible because they often develop their full power better after a while," advises Glassl. It is also crucial that the agent is adapted to the surface. Essigessenz, for example, can damage fittings.
But there are difficult corners
And yet, as good as it is, the delicate parts remain. Although some cleaning products can be saved "almost completely," says Glassl. If, for example, after the shower, the cabin is immediately dried with a rubber lip and the corners are dried with a cloth, no scale will be created; you will have to remove it later. "But who is so disciplined?"
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To be a little more relaxed
Are there any tips for this? Tügel advises serenity. "Hygiene does not mean ultra-purity without germs, our immune system is able to fight dirt and bacteria," she says. "Wherever we go and wherever we go, the germs hide in gigantic numbers, many of which are safe but also treacherous, yet many people are very healthy very often."