Cough, runny nose and hoarseness: If you experience the first symptoms of the summer flu, you must react immediately. What home remedies help – and when you should go to the doctor.
The nose runs, the throat is scratching: no good conditions to spend the day on the deckchair or in the park. Also in summer, spread flu infections, but not as often as during the cold season. After all, it is rarely a serious problem and appropriate behavior can reduce the risk of infection.
The difference between colds and flu
First, the flu often called summercold) of the "real" flu (influenza) To distinguish. Layers often use synonymous terms – but from a medical point of view, they have different meanings. The real flu is caused by influenza viruses, while colds can be caused by many types of viruses.
The two clinical pictures are often confused because the symptoms are similar. The difference lies mainly in the onset of symptoms and the severity of the disease. In the flu, the symptoms appear very suddenly. In a very short time, the affected people feel sick, often have a high fever and need bed rest. In case of a cold, however, the symptoms are not so severe. They occur over several days and do not take the affected people out of everyday life.
Typical symptoms of summer flu
Although the summer cold is caused by other viruses than the cold season, the symptoms are in part similar. Typical signs are:
- Cervical, ear, limb and headache
These symptoms of summer flu are often accompanied by gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. Overall, the person feels chipped, tired and miserable.
Duration of a summer flu – the evolution of the viral infection
The duration of the acute phase of the summer flu is usually about three days. If you experience significant summer flu symptoms later, see a doctor. The same applies if the fever exceeds 39 degrees.
An antibiotic will prescribe the doctor only in the rarest cases for the treatment of a summer flu, because it does not help viral diseases. It can only be used if the doctor has diagnosed an additional bacterial infection. In addition, frequent intake of antibiotics can permanently weaken the defenses of your body.
Drug Treatment and Home Remedies: What Helps?
How to relieve the symptoms of summer flu? The special pills of pharmacy or pharmacy moisturize the mucous membranes and thus help to fight against the active ingredients anti-inflammatory and painkillers. sore throat and cough. The cough itself can be treated with coughing torments or expectorants. In case of fever, it is recommended to make a calf wrapping and take antipyretic analgesics. Home remedies such as nasal rinses, ginger or herbal teas also have a positive effect.
Note that the body needs a lot of rest now to regain strength. As attractive as the weather in summer may be: For about a week, you must be careful and take steps to strengthen your immune system.
How long is a summer flu contagious?
The viruses responsible for the summer cold are transmitted by droplet infection. Sneezing and coughing spread the virus in the air. If the viruses have taken root in the body, the infection can occur even before the first symptoms appear.
The most important risk of infection is within two to three days of the onset of symptoms. Overall, there is a risk of infection for about a week, depending on the state of the immune system and longer.
Prevention: how to protect yourself from flu infections in summer
To effectively prevent summer flu, the following steps can help strengthen the immune system:
- Wash them Hands several times a day and thoroughly with soap,
- Drink at least two to three liters of fluid a day.
- Take care to eat healthy with lots of fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid air conditioners and cold air currents.
- Ventilate your premises and move a lot in the fresh air.
- Protect yourself from the sun's rays and avoid sunburn.
- Do not wear wet or sweaty clothing on the body for too long.
Important note: The information does not replace the professional advice or treatment of trained and recognized doctors. The contents of Good medical can not and should not be used to establish independent diagnoses or to start treatments.