A terrible wave of suicide hit India a few years ago: about 200,000 farmers left life because they were completely over-indebted. They had to buy genetically modified seeds year after year for a lot of money, so they could not afford to buy a green branch anymore. Many people have swallowed liters of pesticides to divorce. If, with all the tedious tasks, only the multinational companies enrich, it is urgent to find a way out! The state of Sikkim has found a good solution.
As early as the 1990s, Sikkim proclaimed the Total Organic State
In Sikkim, the import, sale and use of pesticides constitute a severe punishment – in case of emergency, they are behind bars. In addition, fertilizers are not allowed in the country. The living conditions of Indians in this area of 620,000 are few and the possibilities to grow food are limited. As Sikkim is characterized by high mountains, millet, wheat, buckwheat, corn and lentils are grown in terraces on the slopes of the mountains. But also kiwis, walnuts, cucumbers, mangoes and various spices and banana trees love the partially subtropical climate, as well as climbing pumpkins. Premier Chamberling said his area of government was the "Total Organic State" in the 1990s. He noted at the time that genetically modified chemicals and seeds can be dangerous to humans and animals.
It's about soil health and intelligent crop rotation
During training, farmers receive the necessary configuration tool to manage their plots on a small scale in line with ecological principles. Sikkim is a land of composters, of which more than 10,000 come from: Vegetable waste and manure, a valuable biofertilizer is created, which allows only crops to germinate. Due to the high biodiversity, parasites and diseases have become rare, but once they occur, they are fought with natural methods. Cow urine is one of the most effective weapons in this regard. Most farmers provide themselves and their families, and sell the surplus in the area. Soil health and intelligent crop rotation are at the center of efforts, both of which form the basis of success. Since 2010, the 76,000 hectares of arable land have been certified organic!
Source: heise.de, dererste.de