The idea seems tempting: eat as much as you want and still do not increase. This is the case of a Mediterranean diet. At least, it's a recent study by American researchers.
Doctors at the Wake Forest School of Medicine have studied the impact of the Mediterranean diet on overweight and related diseases, compared to diet, which researchers call "Western diets".
Fats and proteins of plant origin
The difference: in the Mediterranean diet, proteins and fats come mainly from plant sources. In the Western diet, animals are the main suppliers.
For their study, researchers fed middle-aged monkeys with foods whose composition was similar to that of human food for three years. The 38 months for animals, according to researchers according to nine years in humans.
Fewer calories, less body fat, less weight
As a result, the monkeys who were given a Mediterranean diet ate less than themselves. They consumed fewer calories, had less body fat and maintained their normal weight.
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In comparison, the animals fed the Western diet ate more than necessary. And they increased.
Tasty, but high in calories
Both diets contained comparable amounts of fat, protein and carbohydrates.
According to Professor of Medicine Carol A. Shively, who led the study published in the journal "Obesity", one of the reasons is that "The Western diet has been developed and promoted by companies that are interested in that we eat their food. "
Therefore, the food is designed to be extremely tasty and encouraged to eat more than necessary, says the pathologist in a message.
Lower risk of foie gras
In addition to the ideal weight, the researchers' point of view also concerns the Mediterranean diet: it protects against foie gras (non-alcoholic fatty liver), one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the world. Overweight is a major cause.
In the study, monkeys fed Mediterranean diets had a lower risk of fatty degeneration of the liver.
It's the Mediterranean diet
The Mediterranean diet – also called the Mediterranean diet, although it is not a diet – is rich in:
- fresh fruits
- unpeeled cereals
- dairy products
- olive oil
In addition, the "moderate consumption" of poultry meat, nuts, potatoes and eggs is recommended; rarely red meat should be on the menu.