Women with apple-shaped figures suffer twice as often from heart attacks and strokes as pear-shaped women, according to a large study.
According to the researchers, storing fat in the stomach dramatically increases the risk of heart disease, even in healthy weight women.
Indeed, fats are packed around vital organs such as liver and pancreas and release into the blood harmful chemicals that can cause heart disease.
The study published in the European Heart Journal examined 2,683 postmenopausal women with a healthy weight over an 18-year period.
Scientists at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York have analyzed their body fat distribution.
They classify women in sequence, whether they are apple-shaped or pear-shaped, when most of the fat is stored on the legs or hips.
Most apple-shaped women are 25% more likely to suffer from heart disease and stroke than the 25% of women whose fat content is the lowest in the center.
And in the upper quarters of women in the form of pear, the risk of developing heart disease was 40% lower than in people who store little fat in the legs.
Overall, the probability that women with the highest fat levels in cardiovascular disease is three times higher than women with the highest fat levels.
Scientists have said that increasing the amount of fat in the legs can protect people from heart disease because it means that fat can not cause any problems anywhere in the body.
The main author, dr. Qibin Qi said, "Our results suggest that, despite normal weight, postmenopausal women may have a different risk of cardiovascular disease because the distribution of fat around the middle or legs is different." releases chemicals that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. This type of fat also pumps fatty acids into the bloodstream and is associated with high cholesterol and insulin resistance, which causes diabetes. The extra weight on your hips and thighs is called subcutaneous fat, which means that it lies beneath the skin and is simply a reserve of fat.
When women reach menopause, changes in the shape and metabolism of their bodies can result in the storage of more organs in the body than under the skin.
Scientists have said that the breakdown of fats in the human body is a more important indicator of heart problems than measuring one's weight. They asked doctors to measure people's waist circumference to determine the risk of heart disease, rather than simply calculating their BMI.
Dr. Qi said, "In routine clinical practice, BMI is a common approach for assessing a person's risk of cardiovascular disease.
"Some people considered to be of normal weight may not have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of the distribution of their body fat, so it may not be advisable to take preventive measures." Global Health The organization suggests that men taller than 102 cm and women over 88 cm tall are at a much higher risk for diseases such as diabetes.