This is a dilemma that probably knows all who like to play sports and want to move regularly: the forced break with a flu effect.
More and more often, the doctor prescribes an antibiotic for these diseases as well as for injuries, which can lead to a healing sensation in a short time. Do you still have to go without physical activity as long as the medication is continued?
The answer is simple: yes! Good medical again stressed why this rule is so important for health and how long a sports break should last.
What are antibiotics?
Antibiotics are drugs used to treat bacterial infections. The mechanism of action is based on the inhibition of the growth of bacteria (bacteriostatic antibiotics) or their destruction (bactericidal antibiotics).
This is possible because bacteria differ on important points such as the cell wall, the entire hereditary apparatus and the cellular organelles for protein synthesis in humans. Thus, antibiotics can target these sites to prevent their spread in the human body.
Despite this, millions of people around the world die every year from infectious diseases. The reason is a dramatic increase in antibiotic resistance, which means that the drugs no longer work against bacteria. In Germany too, the frequency of resistance has increased considerably. How does this resistance work?
Bacteria are very adaptable. They multiply rapidly and in large numbers. It is possible that changes in the genetic material occur. Such changes can make pathogens insensitive to antibiotics – they develop into resistant germs. This is especially true if the drug is not used properly, for example too often, at short or low doses.
Therefore, on the one hand, care must be taken to avoid infections because the risk of resistance increases with the frequency of antibiotics. On the other hand, it is important to pay attention to a correct intake.
Antibiotics and sports – is it compatible?
Drug combinations in antibiotics quickly mask common cold symptoms and make you feel better than you really are. However, those who practice a sport with antibiotics may spread more pathogens and, in the worst case, inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis).
Because the germs attach to the heart valves and the organ is inflamed. At the risk of inflammation of the heart muscle adds the fact that the body has to fight despite the drug through its own immune system against bacteria. Sport puts an additional burden on the already weakened immune system, hinders the process of controlling bacteria and thus delays recovery.
So, to completely fight an infection, it is important to take the prescribed antibiotic until the end and wait with the sport. In any case, the performance is very limited and the body hardly responds to the exercise, so the training is useless.
However, it does not have to be completely without exercise. Slow walks are safe as long as the pace is chosen to allow calm breathing and not to start sweating. The physical effort should not be too big. The walks can even help restore metabolism and circulation and are therefore beneficial to health. It is however recommended to refuse any physical stress in advance to the attending physician.
After antibiotics: how long is the sports break?
After taking the antibiotic, wait another two to three days before resuming training – and then slowly start with the handbrake, until the body is recovering from infection and antibiotic exposure. .
A healthy and balanced diet as well as a sufficient fluid intake support the body during antibiotic treatment. In particular, the daily consumption of yogurt can help symbiotic bacteria to re-accumulate in the intestine and thus give back shape to the damaged bacterial balance of the intestinal flora.
Protein is another way to strengthen the immune system after taking an antibiotic. Experts estimate that humans lose about 30 to 40% of protein after an infection.
Antibiotics and sports in children
Children are prescribed an antibiotic much more often than adults. Indeed, children are more often affected by infections. However, the drug is often prescribed unnecessarily because antibiotics are not needed for all cold or light colds. Too often, the drug is also prescribed if there is a viral infection in which an antibiotic does not help.
Regardless of this problem, some issues need to be taken into account regarding children's antibiotics. Similar to the adult, the medication should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. This includes not only the duration of the intake, but also the dose.
In order for the exact amount to be taken, it must be properly divided. For measurement, it is advisable to use the measuring spoon provided with the package. With spoons for domestic use, the exact dosage is not guaranteed. In infants, the drug can be administered with a pipette or syringe into the mouth. Then: observe the child. Because he had to spit out the antibiotic again, the ingestion had to be repeated.
In addition, parents should make sure that the child is as gentle as possible, eating foods rich in vitamins rich in fruits and vegetables, drinking a lot and sleeping as much as possible.