The Zeitgeist is to blame – the pale skin was a status symbol for the people of the Middle Ages, they wanted to stand out from the slaves working on the ground. He was therefore unintentionally concerned about his health, at least as far as the protection of the skin is concerned. Today, tanning is considered attractive and healthy.
Clear, light and warmth are good for the soul and release happy hormones, enhance well-being and quality of life. In addition, UV rays provide essential vitamin D3.
Too much sun hurts the skin and is durable. Unfortunately, the consequences do not usually become apparent until several years later. Every sunburn is a small step.
Many underestimate UV radiation. The result: premature aging and skin cancer.
The incidence of this type of tumor is increasing rapidly worldwide. People with fair skin are particularly affected. The German Cancer Society (DKG) is referring to a study according to which researchers predict a doubling of the number of cases of pale skin cancer by 2030.
The index lifted to the day of sunscreen
A stay in the sun is suitable two to three days a week for ten to fifteen minutes. Especially, the midday sun, i. be avoided from 11 to 15 hours. In the back of the head, it should also exist that in shaded areas, ultraviolet radiation can still be powerful, more indirect, but still dangerous.
If you are in the sun or need to stop, wear a wide-brimmed headgear. The eyes, ears, face and neck should be better protected from UV rays. Other parts of the body should also be covered – for example with a long-sleeved t-shirt. Uncovered body parts are protected by sunscreen. Children and light-skinned people should use enough lotion or cream with an SPF of at least 30, better.
6 tips to face the sun
- Make sure you always have sunscreen everywhere. Sun protection is everyone's business and is needed all year round. Because UV radiation is often underestimated. This is the number of people who catch a sunburn because they find it unnecessary to use sunscreen on some occasions. Elevate your awareness of how long your daily exposure to the sun is not protected.
- Pay attention to the UV index (see www.uv-index.de)
When planning your outdoor activities, keep the UV index in mind. It is the most powerful effective UV radiation measurement for sunburns around noon (daily maximum) and provides information on health risks. The higher the UV index, the more UV-related health effects, such as sunburn, can occur quickly on unprotected skin. From a UV index of three sun protection measures (sunscreen, etc.), a value greater than five corresponds to a high exposure to UV rays.
- Avoid the midday sunAt lunch time, the sun is the most intense. Avoid the midday sun between 11am and 3pm and stay in the shade, especially during this time. Keep in mind that shadows reduce UV exposure by up to 50%. Reflections from water or light sand can increase the load up to 70%.
- Wear protective clothing. Textiles protect the skin from UV rays. The best protection is to wear loose, long-sleeved, narrow-cut clothing. Special UV garments are now available not only for children but also for adults. Protection against such clothing is equivalent to an SPF of 20 to 80. Wear a headgear – preferably with a wide brim. It gives shade to eyes, ears, face and neck. With the help of sunglasses, you also protect your eyes from UV rays.
- Cream uncovered skin with sunscreen. Apply preferably in the morning, but at the latest 30 minutes before sunbathing, on all the uncovered parts of the body, use an impervious sunscreen. When applying applies: a lot helps a lot. Cream regularly, especially after bathing, but keep in mind that creaming does not prolong the protective effect, but only preserves it.
The sun protection factor indicates how well a sunscreen protects against UV-B rays. A high sun protection factor means a high protection effect. For sensitive skin prone to sunburn, we recommend a SPF of at least 30. The length of time you can stay in the sun without protection depends on your skin type. This time of self-protection is usually between 10 and 30 minutes and, multiplied by the sun protection factor of the cream, gives the time during which one can stay in the sun safely.
- Children's skin is extremely sensitive and requires special protection.
In children, the natural protective mechanisms of the skin are not fully developed. At the same time, children spend more time outdoors and in the sun than adults. Sunburns in children are particularly dangerous. As skin development is not yet complete at this time, children's skin cells are much more sensitive to harmful sunlight than adult skin. Therefore, especially in children, pay attention to long-sleeved clothing, headgear and creaming of uncovered body parts.
In order to educate parents and education specialists on the topic of sun protection, the Saxony-Anhalt Cancer Society addresses directly to kindergartens with its skin cancer prevention project " SunPass – Pleasure of the sun for children ". Here, the main employees and volunteers of the Saxony-Anhalt Cancer Society inform the correct handling of the sun and provide the materials. After the implementation of the most important sun protection measures, the facilities are awarded the title of "Sun protection children's gardens".
More information under https://sakg.de/projekte/aktionen/sunpass-projekt/