In an interview with Yahoo Style, Nina Banspach, spokeswoman for the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL), said that pesticide residues posed no risk to the health of consumers. consumers in Germany, which is guaranteed by a strict set of rules: "Defining residue levels for fruits and vegetables – federal states control this regularly.Exceeding the maximum permitted level is rare."
And if so, it is more likely that these residues are found in "exotic foods": pomegranate, lychee or okra, for example. "Fortunately, with many foods we eat frequently, such as potatoes, carrots or apples – rarely exceed exceedances," said Banspach.
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For each plant protection product, a maximum residue limit is established in association with a product in the EU, for example: active substance xy in cabbage 1 mg / kg. "The principle is as follows: no higher than necessary for normal practice, but in any case without danger to health," says Banspach.
Foods with residue levels above the legal MRL are not marketable and therefore are unlikely to be offered for sale. "Exceeding the maximum limit does not, in most cases, equate to a risk to human health", explains the BVL spokeswoman.
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The state food control authorities therefore verify that foodstuffs comply with the maximum permissible limits for residues of active substances of pesticides. Violations of legal regulations are sanctioned and products rejected in case of health risk from the market.
In 2017, 20,202 food samples were analyzed for pesticide residues in federal state laboratories. For 1.1% (Germany) and 1.9% (other EU countries) of the samples examined, exceedances of MRLs were detected.
This is the best way to avoid pesticide residues
If you want to play safety, you should prefer to buy certified organic products at the supermarket. In fact, no synthetic pesticides can be used when growing these foods. In addition, they generally have less pesticide residues, as shown in the BVL's latest annual report. As a result, of the biological products tested, only about 23% contained residues. For conventionally grown products, it was about 58%.
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The most effective way to remove pesticide residues is to peel fruits and vegetables before eating them. However, most vitamins are in the shell. It is best to wash the food thoroughly before eating.
Whether fruit or vegetables from organic farming or not, just rinse food in cold water for a short time, according to BVL. "Studies have shown that the use of dish soap or hot water has no noticeable effect on residues," Banspach says.
When washing food, it is important to ensure that they are consumed immediately afterwards. This has nothing to do with pesticide residues, but rather with the fact that the products lose their natural protective film by washing themselves and thus get messed up faster.
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