These four measures can prevent dementia and Alzheimer's disease

New WHO guidelines to reduce the risk of dementia

According to the Director General of the World Health Organization, WHO, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple over the next 30 years. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. In a new directive, WHO aims to propose measures to help everyone reduce the risk of dementia at home or delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

People can reduce their risk of dementia by moving regularly, avoiding smoking, avoiding drinking, controlling their weight, eating healthily, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose levels. The WHO gives these recommendations in the new directive "Reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia".

All that is good for the heart is also for our brain

"We must do everything in our power to reduce our risk of dementia," says the WHO Director-General in a press release on the new directive. The recommendations of the guideline are based on accumulated scientific evidence and confirm that what is good for our heart is also for our brain. Ghebreyesus.

More education needed for dementia

After more than two years of evaluation by a group of experts, the guidelines were developed. Among the experts was Dr. Ronald Petersen, Director of the Alzheimer Research Center at the Mayo Clinic. "The guidelines are designed to inform health professionals and the general public of measures to reduce the risk of cognitive impairment," Petersen said in a Mayo Clinic submission.

What can you do against dementia and Alzheimer's disease?

"We can do some things that might not prevent Alzheimer's disease, but could delay its onset and slow its progression," said Dr. Petersen. One of the most effective recommendations is regular exercise. Many studies indicate that exercise is associated with the late onset of dementia. Dr. Petersen recommends training 150 minutes a week, for example three times 50 minutes or five times 30 minutes. Suitable sports are, for example, brisk walking (nordic), swimming, jogging or aerobics.

Losing weight against dementia

According to Dr. Petersen also plays an important role in nutrition. Often, obesity and physical inactivity go hand in hand, resulting in many complications that also promote dementia. "Most experts now recommend the Mediterranean diet," says the director of the clinic. This diet is among the healthiest in the world and strengthens the heart and brain. As a general rule, any heart-healthy diet can be recommended. According to Petersen, not only is it a good idea for overall health, but it's also good for the brain.

The brain wants to be used

"Observational studies have shown that more intellectually active people are less likely to develop cognitive impairment," says the Alzheimer's expert. The WHO recommends that people stay intellectually active until old age and continue to look for new challenges.

Avoid smoking and limit your consumption of alcohol

"In general, we recommend that people do not start drinking and if they are already drinking alcohol, they should be a bit more modest," said Dr. Petersen. A little alcohol is probably acceptable, but you should not let it go too far. The situation is different with the consumption of tobacco. The WHO strongly advises against smoking to reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. A support can be found in the article: Stop smoking. (Vb)

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