From time to time a button? Not nice, but you can stay up. But what if they multiply quickly and the annoying pustules suddenly spread on the face? So out of panic fast! That's exactly what you need to avoid with the right tips. Because acne is mild or severe, there are still ways to fight acne. To proceed correctly, you must first know the wrong thing.
What exactly is acne?
"Acne is an inflammatory skin disease, which also contains mites and pimples," says dermatologist Dr. med. Elisabeth Schuhmachers from Munich. "It is made in the place where the skin has a lot of sebaceous glands – on the face, chest and back – if the skin produces too much sebum that can not flow properly, the canal gets blocks and inflammation occurs. "
Acne on the back: the best stuff
This is how acne occurs "Acne can occur in different forms," says the dermatologist. "The clinical signs of acne are: blackheads, clogged pores, papules and pustules, inflammatory nodules or, in severe forms, also acne scars." Our advice: Do not panic at each pimple, but ask the dermatologist first to make a diagnosis.
Buttons and acne: these are the causes
"Acne usually occurs in women for the first time at puberty, and often has hormonal causes," says Dr. Cordonnier. "But after that, it can appear at any age, that is what is called late acne."
All information on late acacia is available here. In very old people, however, it is rare because the production of sebum decreases. There are various studies and approaches to general development. So, a tendency to acne quite inherit. "It is now thought that the association of a genetic predisposition, sensitivity to androgens sebaceous glands (more male hormones in the body) and hyposensitive diets can contribute to the appearance of acne. " In summary, its origins are related to genes, hormones and nutrition. "
Treat acne: it really helps
"In general, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist with many pimples – otherwise acne scars can form quickly," advises Dr. Shoemaker. "In my patients, I first examine the skin and analyze what kind of acne it really is, and then I can estimate appropriate treatment." It depends on the stage and severity, whether with creams or tablets for acne is exchanged.
The following treatment options are available from the dermatologist or gynecologist:
· creams against acne: In acne comedonica (only blackheads and little inflammation), creams are used that dissolve the cornifications and are effective against bacteria, for example. Aknemycin, Differin, Isotrex. If blackheads and pimples are still present in papulopustulosa acne, creams containing BPO in combination with an antibiotic can be obtained in addition to the creams mentioned above (eg, Duac). Sometimes it is advisable to combine these creams with a vitamin A acid cream – one would be used in the morning and the other in the evening.
· antibiotics: In case of very serious inflammation, such as conglobata acne, an antibiotic (such as Doxy 50) is often prescribed for treatment, thus preventing the proliferation of bacteria. In addition, this can be combined with the creams above.
· isotretinoin tablets (Vitamin A Acid): Isotretinoin is also used in the treatment of severe acne. Vitamin A acid causes cell growth in the upper layers of the skin. The horny layer of the skin comes off, the "peeling" of the epidermis is better. In addition, the function of the sebaceous glands is impaired, preventing the pores from clogging. But girls should be certain that they can not get pregnant because vitamin A harms the unborn baby.
· Pill for acne: The contraceptive pill can also have a positive effect on the appearance of the skin in women. Too much fat is often caused by too much male hormones in the body. The progestin contained in the pill inhibits the action of male hormones via cellular mechanisms and also reduces the amount of male hormones – less sebum is produced.
Anti-acne tips: to take into account when caring for the skin
"The best for the face is a gentle but anti-bacterial cleansing foam, a tonic and a cream that dissolves the cornification and a little antiseptic acts," he explains. Shoemaker. His advice of care: "My patients had a good return on the series" Exfoliac "of Noreva, the series" Cleanance "of Avène or the series" Effaclar "of La Roche-Posay. In summer, sunscreen is important. There are also special low-fat, non-comedogenic sunscreens in the pharmacy, such as Eucerin, Neutrogena or Bioderma.
Tips from Anna Bader, Editor-in-Chief of GLAMOR Beauty: "What really works for me against blackheads and the like.Go to gentle cleansers – I like the foam and light day care of Dermascence, for example, and I treat some pimples with the" Age + Blemish Defense of Skin Ceuticals, that I occasionally make an enzyme skin and apply a healing clay mask, and that from time to time I treat myself with care to a beautician.
Natural Treatment: These Home Remedies Help With Acne
"There are many home remedies for acne," says Dr. med. Schumacher. "These include aloe vera, apple cider vinegar and turmeric." Aloe vera and turmeric fight inflammation and reduce redness more quickly. Coconut oil also contains antibacterial properties. Dr. However, Schuhmachers warns against the tea tree oil: "This can cause bad allergies – dear fingers!" The healing earth, which really absorbs sebum, or black tea can really help. Just boil tea, let it cool and apply with a cotton pad on the skin.
Acne: These are the three absolute no-gos
Error number 1: express buttons
Never try to squeeze the buttons yourself. Prefer to go to the beautician every three to four weeks.
Mistake # 2: Use coarse peels
Washing the scrubbers can spread the pus – en ensuring that the pimples continue to spread. Preferably use mild peels with enzymes or fruit acid.
Mistake # 3: Apply oils to face
Oil has nothing to do with acne. Therefore, be careful not to contain oil. Even as a home remedy, they are not a good idea.
Anti-acne food: this diet is the best
"The diet plays an important role in acne," says Dr. med. Shoemaker. "Constantly high insulin levels are very detrimental to acne." For example, products containing sugar, such as candies or pasta made from white flour, promote insulin. Dairy products, animal fats and sweets are also bad. However, it is clear that not all affected people react immediately to the omission of the example. Food. Some help very well, others see less improvement. But there is
Studies on primitive peoples, which clearly highlight the link between diet and acne-free skin.
See which foods are the best for pimples and acne:
Acne scars: it really helps
If the acne is already too pronounced and that acne scars have developed, it is also advisable to consult a dermatologist. He can treat scars with the appropriate remedies.
All you need to know about acne scars:
You will find more beauty tips and all about pimples and stained skin here!