The disease is characterized by mild fever, broken throat and malaise. One to two days later, it is cold, coughing up and the nose is running – the classic symptoms of colds. But in the summer, many people are irritated upon waking with the first signs of illness: can you even catch cold when the outside temperature is hot?
The answer is yes. Although the autumn and winter months are considered the classic cold season, you can be infected with troublesome viruses even in the summer. Other than the word "cold" suggests, it does not need "cold" to get sick. "The cold itself only plays an indirect role, but more importantly, a sufficient number of pathogens discovers a fault in the immune system of our body, although it is less likely in the summer, but that it remains possible ", says one on the page" HKK health insurance ".
The strength of the immune system, and therefore the protection against pathogens, is influenced by many factors. Are we provided with all the necessary nutrients and vitamins? Have we slept enough in the past few days and weeks and have we slept enough? Are we eventually stressed?
Cough, fever and sore throats in the hot season are commonly called "summer flu". But the term is misleading, since it is in most cases a common cold infection. The true flu is manifested by a pronounced and sudden illness and a high fever. It is caused by influenza viruses against which there are vaccines. It is not possible to immunize against common cold pathogens – usually rhinoviruses. If we talk about an "influenza infection", it is usually a cold a little stronger.
Flu in summer: these factors influence the risk of cold
In winter, viruses are easy to play: cold, dry air makes them more stable. At the same time, poor conditions prevail for "the host of the virus", ie the man. The lungs suffer from cold air and become more susceptible to pathogens. The immune system is weakened because of low solar radiation, the rate of vitamin D decreases.
This problem does not exist in summer. But air conditioners in buses, public buildings, trains or airplanes facilitate infection with cold viruses. Although the common cold does not automatically lead to colds, it can weaken the immune system, thus facilitating the spread of viruses in the body. Even fans or cool summer evenings in short dresses have a refreshing effect on the body, increasing the risk of "summer flu". How can this be avoided?
Prevent summer flu
In winter and summer, handwashing is the best protection against pathogens. It is best to wash your hands with soap and water for 20 to 30 seconds several times a day. Changing showers and saunas can also help prevent colds by strengthening the body's defenses. In summer, it is important to pay attention to cold air conditioning systems and to inform flight attendants or flight attendants. Anyone who plans to spend the whole day should pack a jacket or a fine scarf for the cool evening hours.
And what if it takes you despite all the precautions? As in winter, help with common home remedies. It means drinking lots of water, taking care of yourself, breathing and sucking cough lozenges, preferably without sugar.
sources: Health insurance HKK / Stiftung Warentest