2019 Skin Cancer Report: More and more cases of skin cancer in Germany: a simpler test indicates whether you are assigned
Sunscreen and long clothing protect the skin from harmful UV rays. This is the most conscious. Nevertheless, many neglect the necessary protection or have been exposed to the sun for too long. As a result, more and more people are suffering from skin cancer. A health insurance report shows the numbers on the rise.
The skin does not forget. Anyone who has often played under the hot sun in his childhood, has always been in the solarium during his youth, must expect to have skin cancer in old age. On average, it takes 20 to 30 years for the disease to start. In Germany, cases are increasing.
From 2009 to 2015, the number of aggressive black skin cancer diagnoses increased by more than 30%. This is reflected in the current "2019 Skin Cancer Report" by Techniker Krankenkasse. The number of skin cancers that are clear and less dangerous has also increased during this period: they have even increased by more than 50%, according to the report.
The 75 to 79 age group is particularly affected. There, an average of 843 out of every 100,000 people develop black skin cancer each year. On the other hand, among the 20 to 24 year olds, only 41 out of 100,000 are. According to statistics, women aged 45 to 54 are visibly more often affected – as they are likely to go to the solarium more often and more often to the sun than men.
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Skin cancer: regional differences
In Germany, about 270,000 people develop new skin cancers each year. This makes it the most common cancer.
In terms of population, most of the victims are in Hesse, Lower Saxony and Thuringia. This could be due to differences in socioeconomic status, density of established dermatologists and the different use of early detection, the presumed dermatologist, Matthias Augustin. He is the editor of the report on skin cancer.
The following map illustrates the regional differences. The darker the color, the more diagnoses of skin cancer have been documented by health insurance technicians among its field insured.
In Berlin, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt, people rarely go to skin cancer screening. According to the report, only 17% of insureds here are. The health insurance company covers the costs – a health insurance from 20 years, others from 35 years.
Matthias Augustin explains the increase in the number of people mainly due to two factors: First, the Germans spend more and more holidays in sunny areas. In addition, outdoor activities are gaining popularity.
The basis of the report
The Krankenkasse Techniker relies on data from 11.2 million current insureds for the "2019 Skin Cancer Report", as well as figures from the central institute of the 39, health insurance.
How to recognize skin cancer
Visit the dermatologist for regular skin cancer screening. During this check, the doctor examines each birthmark with precision. At difficult times, it will be advised to either have them removed quickly, or to try to see the place in search of changes over the next few years.
You can also check for yourself if you have skin problems – with the ABCDE rule. In the end, however, you must always trust the opinion of a doctor. He can better estimate which times are indicative of a skin cancer.
A = asymmetry
- Does the birthmark have a uniform round shape? This is good.
- Is the birthmark unequal, asymmetrical? Go to the dermatologist.
B = limitation
- Are the edges well defined and smooth? This is good.
- Do the edges appear fuzzy, frayed, uneven or rough? Go to the dermatologist.
C = color
- Does the birthmark have a uniform color? This is good.
- Does it have different colors, spots or dots? Go to the dermatologist.
D = diameter
- Is the birth spot at the widest point less than five millimeters? This is good.
- Is its size greater than five millimeters or is its shape hemispherical? Go to the dermatologist.
E = size and development
- Is the birthmark flat and does not change the shape? This is good.
- Is it higher than one millimeter, do the nodules grow or become larger? Go to the dermatologist.
The graph shows examples of each anomaly:
In the video: Rapid control of skin cancer: the ABCDE rule tells you if you need to see a doctor
Prevent skin cancer: how long will your sunscreen last
The most important remedy for preventing skin cancer is sunscreen. They have the most in their luggage when they lie in the sun. What many people do not know is that even with a SPF 50, you can not stay in the sun indefinitely without harming your skin. The protection against the tube prolongs the protection of the skin only for a certain time.
The duration of skin protection without sunscreen is illustrated in the following graph:
With sunscreen, self protection extends the corresponding factor of the cream.
- Celtic skin type, 10 minutes self-protection
- Sunscreen with SPF 15
- Sun protection: 15 * 10 = 150 minutes
With a SPF 15 cream, a Celtic type is protected in the sun for up to 150 minutes. At the latest after two and a half hours, he will have to go in the shade, put on long clothes and a hat or apply a new layer of sunscreen in time. In time, this means: after creaming, it takes 20 to 30 minutes for the substances in the cream to act. Only then should you return to the sun.
ajo / AFP