In 2017, about 6,400 people discovered their HIV status.
The number of seropositive discoveries for HIV is stable from 2010 to 2017., The observed difference compared with previously obtained estimates can be explained by a change in methodology, rather than an increase in the number of discoveries. Of those who learned about their HIV status in 2017, 3,600 (56%) were infected with heterosexual sex, 2,600 (41%) among men and 130 (2%) through injecting drug use. As for the two main modes of infection, since 2010 there has been a steady increase in the number of HIV-positive discoveries. Among drug users, this number is decreasing. Among the results among heterosexuals in 2017, 75% are foreigners, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. Among men who have sex with men (MSM) who discovered their HIV status in 2017, 26% were born abroad. In the latter, the number of discoveries is constantly increasing.
Address people who have never been screened and encourage regular screening of those most at risk.
In 2017, in laboratories of medical biology, 5.6 million serological tests for HIV were conducted, that is, an increase in screening activity by 12% between 2010 and 2017. This increase was not accompanied by an increase in the number of positive serologies. This suggests that enhanced screening may not have benefited most HIV-affected populations. Nearly a third of HIV-positive discoveries are still too late. : 30% of people were diagnosed in 2017 with a common HIV infection. Half of the HIV-positive results (52%) were among those who said that they had never been tested before. In groups where regular testing is recommended, heterosexuals born abroad and MSM, this proportion was 68% and 33%, respectively.
These new data from Public Health France are a reminder of the importance of removing barriers to screening.
Continue to promote diversified prevention
In addition to screening and treating HIV-positive people, you should continue to promote other available prevention tools (condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis, post-exposure medication). All these measures will ultimately reduce the number of new HIV infections, followed by a decrease in the number of HIV-positive discoveries.
“In the laboratory of medical biology, at CeGIDD, at home … The screening offer in France is diverse and adapts to any lifestyle. Therefore, we must remain mobilized in order to remove barriers that may still exist and allow everyone to benefit. " Francois Bourdillon, Director General of Public Health of France
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