After an individual’s report, 9 cases of cancer in children * were listed in 12 cancers registered in the Ste-Pasan region (municipalities: Ste-Pasan, Saint-Mars-de-Kutais, St.-Hilaire de Chaleón and Rouens). Of these 9 cases of cancer in children, 6 are blood cancers.
Although 90% of acute childhood leukemias do not currently have any known cause, and the risk factors associated with cancer may be multiple, ARS contacted Public Health France to continue research. The study, which will be conducted by SpF, is aimed at finding possible common effects. It is based on a standardized protocol consisting of:
- Ensure that these are cases that fit the same clinical definition;
- Determine the geographical and temporal coverage of the cases studied;
- Assess whether there is a real excess of cancer cases in the study area compared to what is usually expected in the same area;
- Summarize the literature on exposure to look for;
- Interview each of the relevant families to document risk exposures, including environmental impacts.
This first step, carried out with all partners at the local level (CHU de Nantes, the general register of Loire-Atlantic and Vendée tumors …) and the national (national registry of childhood cancers …), should enable the identification of hypotheses. direct further research.
The first conclusions will be made in the autumn of 2019 with the return to the respective families.
In the near future, ARS will organize an informational meeting with health workers in the Ste Pazanne sector.
Recall the symptoms of leukemia
Leukemia is the most common cancer in children. Symptoms are non-specific and require attention if they recur or are persistent. Leukemia is caused by abnormal white blood cells that replace normal blood cells: red blood cells, normal white blood cells and platelets.
- Falling red blood cells (anemia) will lead to severe fatigue, pallor, difficulty breathing, and discomfort.
- Decrease in normal leukocytes, repeated infections, including stenocardia.
- Decreased platelet levels due to hemorrhagic signs, especially hematomas.
Other possible and non-exhaustive symptoms: joint pain, claudication, swollen lymph nodes and spleen.
In case of anxiety, it is advisable to consult a doctor who will assess the relevance of the blood test. There is no need for blood tests in children who have no symptoms.