We generally accuse AC, wind and low temperatures to give us colds. Some people even think that it's impossible to catch a cold more than once a season. Some of us are also sure to take antibiotics to prevent colds from turning into flu. After reading this article, you will not believe that or any other fact related to colds.
The bright side has put together the 10 most common myths about colds and flu that we should forget.
Myth # 10: A cold can turn into a flu.
Colds and flu are caused by different viruses. Thus, one disease can not be transformed into another. People usually confuse the first signs of these ailments. Here are some features to help distinguish these diseases:
- A cold starts gradually with a sore throat, a headache, a fever and a runny nose. A person has the feeling that she gets a cold in 3 to 5 days. The flu accompanies fever, headaches, muscle aches and body aches that manifest themselves quickly.
- If you have a cold, your body temperature usually does not increase (and if it does, it rises very little). If you have the flu, your temperature rises to 100 ° F and more.
- You do not sneeze a lot during the flu, it's a symptom of a cold.
Myth # 9: You can treat a cold with antibiotics.
Antibiotics can not defeat a virus because their structure differs from a bacterial disease. In addition, antibiotics can actually worsen the situation: the cold symptoms will not disappear and the virus will continue to spread.
It is also forbidden to take antibiotics "just in case". The result will be the opposite: you will weaken your immune system and create a favorable environment for the proliferation of the virus. Over time, the drug loses its effectiveness. come in contact with antibiotics, they can change to survive.
Myth # 8: You can not treat a cold.
As a rule, cold symptoms last for 3 days. But if you wait and do not cure your cold, you risk complications or unpleasant symptoms for more than 20 to 30 days. Warning: You must call an ambulance if you are short of breath or have trouble breathing.
Myth # 7: You should not take sick leave if you catch a cold.
Many people usually continue to work if they do not feel well. We also think that if you do not let yourself relax, your cold will go faster. In fact, the recovery process will be slower. It is better to stay at home for one to two days and then go back to work. Here is another reason to stay at home: you are contagious the first days of your cold and you can infect other people.
Myth # 6: You should always stay in bed.
If you have a cold and stay in bed all day, you may have bronchitis or pneumonia. In addition, your blood circulation decreases. Of course, you should not go to the gym as soon as you feel a little better, but some activities will not hurt you.
Myth # 5: Cold air can cause colds.
You can only catch a cold if you come into contact with a virus, whether you wear a hat or not. There is no reason to blame wind, AC, etc. If you think you got sick after taking the plane (because of the low temperatures), that 's not true. In reality, dry air dries the mucous membrane and it is difficult for the body to protect itself from viruses.
Myth # 4: If you pull out wet hair, you will catch a cold.
Our wet hair, as well as wind or rain, can not cause colds or flu. There are three ways to catch a virus: Remember that viruses are rather powerful and viable. They survive:
- on interior surfaces for more than 7 days
- on clothing, upholstery or paper for about 12 hours
- on the hands for a few minutes or an hour (depending on the type of virus)
- on door handles for 6 hours
Of course, it is not recommended to go outside with wet hair because the cold weakens your immune system and makes you more vulnerable to viruses.
Myth # 3: You can catch a cold once a season.
Here is the good news: It is very unlikely that you catch the same cold twice. Colds are caused by viruses and, when your immune system fights one, it creates antibodies. But there are more than 200 types of viruses that cause colds. It is possible that you get sick twice.
Myth # 2: A cold can be cured in 1 day.
Some people think that if you take several pills, everything will be fine in one day. But it's a dangerous myth. The body needs time to recover and if you take medications that only relieve the symptoms, they affect the heart and their consequences can be very dangerous. You should also be careful with medications containing paracetamol: an overdose can lead to liver failure.
Myth # 1: You must get rid of all symptoms before resuming a normal life.
Post-viral cough and runny nose can last up to 4 weeks. It is not necessary to wait until all the symptoms disappear. If you feel good, you can resume your normal life.
Did you believe any of these myths? Tell us about it in the comments!