A federal survey reveals that, compared to non-users, people who use e-cigarettes have:
"Even if we consider Electronic cigarettes as a way to help smoking cessationwe need to pay attention to the impact this could have on people's health, "said Dr. Paul Ndunda, Principal Investigator, who is an adjunct professor at the University of Kansas School of Medicine, in Wichita.
The increased health risks associated with e-cigarette use were maintained even after Ndunda and colleagues took into account other potential risk factors, such as age, excess weight, Diabetes and smoking.
Dr. Larry Goldstein is Chair of the Board of Neurology and Co-Director of the Kentucky Neuroscience Institute in Lexington. "This is the first real data associating the use of the electronic cigarette with serious cardiovascular events," he said.
Goldstein added: "This is a concern, especially since we have seen a stabilization and, in many cases, an increased risk of strokelinked to mortality in the country. It is difficult to know what contribution this makes to this, but the available data do not seem any safer at the moment. "
About 3% of adults and 11% of high school students reported using e-cigarettes in the previous month in 2016, noted the study's authors. In addition, the number of youth vapers increased by 900% between 2011 and 2015.
For the new study, researchers collected data on more than 400,000 participants in the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a survey regularly conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The researchers included nearly 66,800 people who reported having used regular electronic cigarettes, which compares them to about 344,000 people who have never tried the devices.