According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the trend towards anti-vaccination has taken precedence over HIV and the Ebola virus. Experts say "vaccine reluctance" risks reversing progress in fighting preventable diseases.
Although various vaccine-preventable diseases, such as diphtheria and meningitis, are already on the WHO list of health threats, however, by 2019 the organization included: "Hesitation to the vaccine." HIV / AIDS, the global influenza pandemic, the deadly Ebola virus and dengue, as well as air pollution, lack of basic care and noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, are among the top 10 threats.
Vaccination remains one of the most important "profitable" The WHO said that ways to prevent infection threatened directly to reverse the progress made in the fight against preventable diseases.
WHO has listed "Complacency" and "lack of confidence" among the main reasons why people reject vaccines. Anti-vaxxers generally claim to fear side effects, especially the possibility of developing autism, although some cite conspiracy theories about big pharma and governments.
This attitude has already contributed to the recent measles epidemic, which has increased by 30% worldwide, said WHO. The organization had previously reported that measles outbreaks due to "Gaps in immunization coverage" killed 110,000 people in 2017. Experts worry that the disease will spread even in countries that until recently were about to eliminate it completely.
Nadezhda Yuminova of the Moscow-based Vaccine and Serum Research Institute told RT that the anti-vaccination movement "Can be relatively small but leads to very serious consequences."
Yuminova said that the activity of its activists, especially when it was amplified by the media, could erase the previous "Great success" fight against highly contagious diseases in Europe. The rejection of vaccination can not only lead to death, but also "Collective immunity" of people in the area. Doctors say that people whose health does not allow them to be vaccinated rely on "Collective immunity" for their protection against diseases.
Katrine Habersaat, WHO's program on diseases prevented by vaccination and vaccination, warns of the risks of spread "Anti-vaccination misinformation."
"When some people actively campaign against immunization by using non-evidence-based information and scientific consensus to create fear and mistrust and deter others from vaccinating, this could potentially reduce the number of vaccinations and threaten public health," she told RT.
The public debate on vaccines has been revived in recent years in developed countries, with celebrities like Jim Carrey and Jenny McCarthy joining the ranks of skeptics, and the number of backtracks has increased.
European lawmakers often think about the idea of mandatory vaccination. Yet experts believe that countries must have sufficient political commitment to fill gaps in coverage. Habersaat named "vaccine stock shortages" inadequate access to services and training of health personnel who can advocate for immunization, delays and refusal of vaccination as reasons for outbreaks of diseases such as measles.
Australia has adopted punitive measures against parents who do not vaccinate their children. In June, billboards were installed in Perth to promote the American anti-vaccination group "Learn the Risk". This caused an uproar in the media and the campaign was strongly criticized by the country's government officials.
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