From 1999 to 2017, the drug overdose mortality rate among women aged 30 to 64 has increased by more than 260%, according to the report released Thursday.
"Overdose deaths continue to be excessively high and targeted efforts are needed to reduce the number of deaths from this evolving epidemic among middle-aged women," the researchers wrote.
The researchers looked closely at overdose mortality rates in women aged 30 to 64, and then by drug type: antidepressants, benzodiazepines, cocaine, heroin, prescription opioids and synthetic opioids, at the same time. Exclusion of methadone.
Among women in this age group, the drug overdose mortality rate increased from 6.7 deaths per 100,000 population, or 4,314 deaths in 1999 to 24.3 per 100,000 population, or 18,110 total deaths, in 2017.
The increase in the number of deaths also varied according to age and drug categories in the data.
From 1999 to 2017, the drug overdose mortality rate increased by approximately 200% among women aged 35 to 39 and 45 to 49; 350% among those aged 30 to 34 and 50 to 54; and nearly 500% of 55-64 year olds have discovered the researchers.
Drug overdose rates also increased for all drug categories, with significant increases in the rate of synthetic opioid deaths at 1,643%; heroin, at 915%; and benzodiazepines, at 830%, the researchers found. The overdose rate of opioid drugs has increased by 492%.
The report had certain limitations, including that some deaths could have involved more than one substance. In addition, changes over time in the screening or reporting of certain drugs could have influenced the data.
This report showed that the rate of drug overdose deaths involving fentanyl has increased by approximately 113% per year, on average, from 2013 to 2016.
As a country, "we have not known that for a while," said Benjamin.
Especially with regard to the epidemic of opioids, "the stereotype is a drug addicted man, who drinks on the street, and we know that this stereotype is clearly not complete. inaccurate, "he said. "The female part of the problem is just not described or understood by most people."
There are possible ways to reduce the growing number of drug overdose deaths in the opioid epidemic that plagues the United States, but they can be difficult, Benjamin said.
"Part of the solution is for people to be more aware and for those who prescribe medications to do a much better job – especially when they prescribe to women – by talking about the risks and relative risk of addiction. ," did he declare. I said. "You want to treat people properly [for pain]but you want to make sure that people do not think that these drugs are safer than they are. "