10 Facts about Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

10 Facts about Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy in under 10 mins!
Sharing our first hand info about DMD.
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*Who can inherit Duchennes?
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Vocal Cord Paralysis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Vocal cord paralysis have many causes and can impact speaking, breathing and swallowing. Usually, the right vocal cord is affected twice as often as the left, and females are affected more often than males. Diagnosis for this voice/vocal problem (speech or singing) can be identified by ear via an alternative voice specialist or by special examination via an ENT specialist.

About vocal fold paralysis

Vocal folds are located within the larynx, or voice box. While we talk, air moves from the lungs through the vocal folds to the mouth. And by the vibration of the vocal folds, the sound is produced. Anything that makes it harder for the vocal folds to move can cause voice-related problems. Vocal paralysis is also known as vocal paresis. This phenomenon happens when one or both of the vocal cords are not able to move or vibrate. The above can also cause swallowing and/or breathing problems.

Symptoms of vocal fold paralysis

Most cases of vocal fold paralysis involve just one cord being paralyzed. However, sometimes both are affected. The potential signs and symptoms of this condition may include:

  • Changes in the voice
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Noisy breathing Changes of vocal pitch
  • Coughs that do not clear the throat properly
  • Decreased volume of the voice


A risk factor is something which increases the likelihood of the developing a condition or disease. Like, obesity significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes type 2. The following factors may raise the chances of developing vocal fold paresis.


Females usually have a higher risk than males developing the above described condition.


Especially throat or chest surgery: Breathing tubes used in surgery may damage your vocal cord nerves. Throat cancer survivors may also experience vocal paralysis. Other causes of vocal fold paralysis include viral infections and physical and/or emotional trauma. Sometimes the cause cannot be determined.

Injury to the chest or neck: Physical trauma may damage the nerve that is in charge of control over the vocal cord(s) or the larynx.


The part of the brain that sends messages to the larynx may be damaged by a stroke.

Treatment of vocal cord paralysis

The treatment available for vocal cord paralysis depends on several factors, including what caused it, how severe the symptoms are, and how long they have been present. Usually, in any case, the patient is recommended to undergo voice therapy or surgery or both.

Voice therapy

Voice therapy is more similar to physical therapy for large muscle paralysis. The alternative voice specialist may offer some specific exercises and habitual changes to strengthen the vocal cords and improve breath control while speaking.

The alternative and holistic voice specialist will also use natural herbal and some homeopathic remedies to aid the voice condition.


If the patient does not recover completely with voice therapy, the doctor may recommend surgical intervention. However, it would be wise to embark upon post-surgery care in order to prevent such an occurrence from happening ever again.

Symptoms and Warning Signs of Stroke

Stroke is one of the top 3 killers worldwide, and is considered a medical emergency. You should seek immediate medical attention once you experienced any symptoms of a stroke, else risk brain injury that can cause paralysis or long term disability. As doctors said, "Time lost is brain lost". Early treatment is crucial when dealing with stroke.

Symptoms of Stroke

  • Sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis of the face, arm, or leg, typically on one side of the body
  • Sudden vision problems in one or both eyes, such as double vision, blurring, dimness, or even loss of sight
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden sunset of confusion, having trouble speaking, understanding or walking
  • Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Suffers severe headache suddenly, with no known cause

The symptoms experienced by one can vary, depending on whether the stroke is caused by a blood clot or bleeding.
The rate and intensity of such symptoms also depends on the severity of the condition. A large blood clot will cause
symptoms to appear within seconds, whereas a narrowed artery will take minutes, hours, or maybe even days to appear.

Know your risk factors

Stroke risk factors are characteristics, behaviors or lifestyle habits that can increase your chance of getting a stroke. By understanding the risk factors involved, you can change and improve your lifestyle to reduce the risk. These risk factors are controllable. Other risk factors that are heredity or part of the natural process can not be improved or controlled. Such risk factors are uncontrollable.

Controllable Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    High blood pressure is the most important risk factor and estimates to be accountable for 70% of stroke cases. Your heart pumps harder than it should, putting strain on your circulatory system. A person with untreated hypertension is 4 times more likely to get stroke than a healthy person.
  • Diabetes mellitus and heart disease
    People suffering from diabetes usually have high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and are overweight. These conditions can lead to stroke and it is no wonder that 2 in 3 people with diabetes die from stroke or heart disease. Coronary heart disease, heart valve disease and some congenital heart defects are also known risk factors.
  • Artery disease
    The carotid arteries in your neck supply blood to your brain, and when clogged by plaque or blood clot, will lead to stroke. This condition is knwon as carotid artery disease. Peripheral artery disease is the narrowing of blood vessels carrying blood to limb muscles. This disease can lead to carotid artery disease.
  • Atrial fibrillation
    People with chronic or frequent atrial fibrillation have an increased risk of stroke. This is a heart rhythm disorder wherey the heart upper chambers quiver instead of beating effectively. The blood pools and flow is disrupted, forming blood clots. When a clot enters the bloodstream and lodges in an artery leading to the brain, a stroke results.
  • Sickle cell disease
    A genetic or inherited blood disorder where the hemoglobin (carries oxygen in red blood cells) is slightly abnormal. This can restrict blood flow by blocking small blood vessels. Only more severe forms of this disease are associated with stroke.
  • High blood cholesterol
    High blood cholesterol can lead to a build up of plaque in the artery walls and narrow your arteries. have an increased risk for stroke. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are bad cholesterol and are responsible for clotting arteries. Excess amounts of LDL can lead to stroke.
  • Poor eating habits
    Saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol can raise your bad cholesterol levels, which is a risk factor itself. You may want to read
  • Smoking cigarette
    Smoking damages our cardiovascular system, increases blood pressure and damage blood vessel walls. It has also been found to cause fatty deposits in your arms. Using oral contraceptives combined with smoking can greatly increase the risk.
  • Physical inactivity and obesity
    It is well known that physical inactivity can lead to obesity. The impact of obesity on stroke is significant. Studies have shown that for every 1 point increase in your BMI, your risk of getting stroke increases by 3%. Conditions associated with this risk factor are: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, and heart disease.

Uncontrollable Risk Factors

  • Age
    Stroke is common among the elderly, with the risk doubling for each decade of life after 55 years old. 72% of stroke victims are aged 65 and above in 2002.
  • Heredity
    If your immediate family (parent, grandparent or sibling) had suffered from stroke, you have a higher risk
  • Gender
    Stroke is more common in men (57%) than in women (43%). However, a higher percentage (62%) of stroke death are women. The use of birth control pills and pregnancy are additional stroke risks women faced.
  • Prior stroke, mini stroke (TIA) or heart attack
    IF you had a prior stroke or heart attack, your risk is many times more than a normal person. Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) is a condition that exhibits stroke-like symptoms with no lasting damage. A person with TIAs is almost 10 times more likely to have a stroke than someone of the same age and gender who has not.


Early-onset Alzheimer’s disease affects people under 65 and makes up around 4% of the condition’s sufferers.It occurs due to a single gene, which affects around 600 families worldwide.Symptoms include memory problems that interfere with everyday life, confusion, disorientation, personality changes, language problems and sight difficulties.These symptoms get worse over time.Most cases are not inherited but are thought to be brought on by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.There is no cure. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms.
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Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

By now you likely know that cancer, or malignant neoplasm, can affect any part of the body. By definition, cancer occurs when otherwise healthy cells multiply at an abnormal and almost unstoppable rate, overtaking neighboring tissues and organs, and traveling through the lymph system to affect other parts of the body.

To this day, cancer is an uncomfortable topic for most people; suddenheless, more people are diagnosed and die annually. Cancer develops as a result of exposure to toxins such as pollution or radiation or as the result of poor life choices such as smoking and poor diets. And despite great medical advances in treating cancer, it remains a leading cause of death.

The bladder is the fifth most common area to be afflicted with cancer. There are five common symptoms associated with bladder cancer that you should know.

1. Urine tinged with blood.

2. Pain in the bladder area.

3. Feeling an urge to urinate but being unable to do so.

4. Feeling a burning sensation when urinating.

5. Being unable to hold a normal amount of urine.

Of course the symptoms could have been caused by other ailments, but if you experience any of the above problems, you should consult with your physician as soon as possible. Your medical professional can order a number of tests to determine the root of the symptoms.

Your doctor will likely first check for blood in the urine. Usually, a physician will use a microscope to see red blood cells in the urine; sometimes the blood will be visible without a microscope.

An intravenous pyelogram, or IVP, is a test delivered to screen for tumors or abnormalities in the bladder. During an IVP, an iodine dye is injected into the body and the bladder is scanner with an x-ray.

A cystoscope, a small lighted tube, inserted into the bladder through the urethra can be used to look for growths or abnormal tissues.

And if an abnormality is detected, your doctor will want to use a CT scan to see if the cancer has spread.

Treatment options for people with bladder cancer vary dependent on the stage of the cancer, the patient's age and overall health. Typical treatment options include chemotherapy and radiation, surgery for tumor removal and biological therapy.

As with any cancer, early detection and treatment necessary to ensure recovery and to less the likelihood of the cancer to spread. Protect yourself: See your doctor immediately if you are experiencing any symptoms or signs of bladder cancer.