Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is abbreviated to PCOS. It's a hormonal imbalance and affects the reproductive processes of a woman. Typically, PCOS begins at puberty and causes irregular periods and various other symptoms related to hormone. Common issues that may result in due to PCOS are infertility, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and uterine issues, just to name a few.
Symptoms of PCOS
Given below are a few common symptoms of PCOS. If you experience these symptoms, we suggest that you check with a good doctor.
- Irregular or no menstrual periods
- Lack of ovulation that may cause infertility problems
- Obesity, especially in the abdomen and upper body
- Persistent acne and oily skin
- Hair growth on the abdomen, face, arms, and chest
- Type 2 diabetes
Causes of PCOS syndrome
Researchers are working in order to find out the causes of PCOS. Aside of this, evidence exists that shows a relationship between family history and different types of PCOS, which suggests a genetic relationship with the condition.
Diagnosis of PCOS
Most patients are diagnosed after a complete evolution of their symptoms, physical exam, and medical history. Apart from these, the doctor may require a blood test in order to measure the hormone levels. In some cases, the doctor may do an ultrasound of the patient's ovaries for diagnosis.
The Treatment of PCOS
Usually, doctors prescribe medications for the treatment of PCOS, and the treatment depends upon the patient's symptoms and goals.
So, if you want to have a baby, you may want to use fertility meds orally or through an injection. On the other hand, if you do not want to have a baby, you may take birth control tablets in order to regulate periods and prevent pregnancy. Moreover, you can also regulate periods with hormone progesterone.
Aside from this, you can try a non-hormonal treatment method, especially if you have diabetes. But if you do not have diabetes, the meds can help you restore your fertility in addition to help with your weight loss goals.
Other symptoms like unwanted obesity, acne, hair growth and diabetes can also be managed if you consult specialists. Often, birth control meds are also helpful as far as the treatment of acne and hair growth is concerned.
How to Prevent PCOS
For PCOS, there are no preventive methods. However, with weight management and good nutrition, you can avoid PCOS, cardiovascular problems and diabetes.
Chances of conceiving with PCOS
If you have certain fertility issues, we suggest that you talk to your Fertility experts. However, there are some healthcare tips that can help you boost your chances of conceiving successfully.
- Folic acid is found in green vegetables, liver, citrus fruits and dried beans and can help you deal with the problem.
- Regular exercise can also help
- You may want to limit your consumption of caffeine
- You may also want to eat well.