Drug Side Effects – What Are The Actual Side Effects of an Obesity Management Drug?

One of the most thought after and effective weight loss medicines taken under prescription are Phentermine. The medication is usually prescribed only to those who have a BMI of more than 30. When coupled with an improved lifestyle, the appetite suppressing nature of this particular drug works the best.

Being used and sold as a controlled substance in most countries in the world, this drug is usually given only to those who are at an aggravated risk of medical problems arising out of obesity. It is worth noting that this type of drug should only be taken if a person has become obese due to non-medical reasons and not due to known medical conditions such as hypothyroidism.

Most of the side effects associated with Phentermine are visible only when it is taken in more than prescribed quantities and when the drug abuse is unchecked. Due to energy stimulating property of this drug, it is known to cause insomnia. It is also known to cause dryness in mouth due to some of its properties.

Tiredness, lack of sexual appetite and changes in sexual orientation may also be caused by excessive uses of this type of drug. Apart from these side effects, Diarrhea, acid reflux, itching, skin rashes and headaches are some of the other most commonly experienced side effects associated with this drug in general.

This drug may also cause reactions in the brain, impairing the power to think or see, much like alcohol. Therefore, one should not use this particular drug in situations involving driving and while taking critical decisions. As a final tip off, alcohol should, under all circumstances, be avoided with Phentermine as it can aggravate some of the side effects to mammoth proportions.

Cause and Effects of Obesity – Why Are So Many People Obese?

Obesity is a national epidemic here in the United States. If you disagree with me go to any mall or place where there is a large amount of people. You will see that very few people are in shape, and many are out of shape and obese. The cause and effect of obesity can be described by this: Too much food and not enough exercise! Look at a label on most fast food we eat or at most restaurants. Most meals are over one thousand calories or over half of our daily allowance of calories.

Now we need to take into considerate on exercise. This is the second cause and effect of obesity in America. When we are younger we are outside all day riding bikes, playing hide and go seek, or playing sports. Fast forward to after college and most people are sitting behind a desk in a cubicle working for 8 hours a day. Then they get home, watch some television and then go to bed. There is no exercise whatever. Of course people are going to get obese when they consume massive quantities of calories and do not burn them off.

We need a revolution all over the world if we want to combat obesity. The cause and effect of obesity can not be combated directly. We have to combat different aspects differently. We need to change our eating habits and then attack the lack of exercise. If we do this either separately or even together we can change how many Americans are obese and extend the lives of countless people all over this nation.

The Effects of Obesity on the Body

Lets talk about the weight we put on in our midsection. That belly weight or should we come right out and say belly fat. Belly fat is clinically known as abdominal obesity or central obesity. A hard word to use, obesity. We like to say more delicious terms such as pleasingly plump, or have put on a few extra pounds or over weight.

I knew I needed to "lose a few pounds" so everybody does right? Life gets busy and we try to watch what we eat and be over all healthier. I had been losing weight for most of my adult life so I was not a novice to the idea. Then one day I did a body mass test online. How embarrassing, I was considered obese!

OK time to get back to the books and find out what is going on here. Time to get to the bottom (or should I say front) this and do something fast!

One definition of central obesity or belly weight / fat is, the accumulation of abdominal fat resulting in an increase in waist size. OK pretty straight forward right, or is it? Believe it or not the exact cause of central fat / belly fat is not well understood.

Another term for belly fat is visceral fat or organ fat as it is packed in between the internal organs and torso. So the excess of visceral fat / belly fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly", "beer belly" effect in which the belly protrudes and may so excessively.

What causes us to put on belly weight? We could say that it is an energy imbalance. We consume more calories than we burn or eliminate. So that belly fat is related to overeating or not enough exercise.

Prescription drugs can also have side effects that lead to central obesity / belly fat. So can food additives such as MSG. I have done a whole study on weight gain and MSG. When I removed it from my diet I lost 20 pounds. You can look up the connection or email me and I can send you my report.

While belly fat / central obesity is obvious by looking at the body it is actually determined by taking waist and hip measurements. This is to determine if it is a true condition of obesity or intestinal bloating and other abdominal conditions. This is not to be confused with body mass index. It is called the waist-hip ratio.

The medical profession sees belly fat as an indicator of health risk. It is statistically associated with heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and other health conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome and glucose intolerance.

That was enough for me to get serious with the loose a few pounds project. I knew I needed help. I had tied many, I mean I tried them all, as far as diet fads and pills and potions over the last 25 years. OOPs! I may be showing my age! Well anyway. Sometimes we need help.

I got more serious with my food choices and educated myself on labels. A good rule for labels, if it has more than a few ingredients such as 4 or 5 and you can not pronounce it, do not eat it! It is not real food and your body knows the difference.

I found some real food programs with some great menus and recipes thatave me a great starting point on my journey to wellness and losing the belly fat.

I learned a lot and found ways to share. I did some seminars and classes and now I am including web pages as resources for my findings and success.

Here is a bit of a advice, never give up on yourself and do not hesitate to try a new or different program if what you are using ins not working. You are worth it! And you will find something that works for you to shed that belly and fat. It may be the program or it may be the right timing for you.

Never Give UP !! What do you have to lose, but your health.

Be Encouraged, Karen Rae

Passive Smoking: Long Term Effects

Passive smoking may not directly cause certain diseases related to smoking, but it gives you a chance of developing anything smoking-related, at a higher rate. Studies have shown and confirmed an increased risk in the following:

In infancy and children:

o birth defects

o sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

o low birthweight

o illnesses in children

o middle ear infection

o learning difficulty

o behavior problems (ie depression, anxiety and immaturity)

o allergies

o asthma (induction & aggravation)

o bronchitis (induction & aggravation)

o pneumonia (induction & aggravation)

o Meningococcal infections in children

o Cancers and leukaemia in children

In adults:

o heart disease

o stroke

o lung cancer

o nasal cancer

o spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)

o asthma exacerbation in adults

o cystic fibrosis (exacerbation)

o reduced lung function

o cervical cancer

o infections

o ear infections

o chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

o bronchitis

o allergies and death of children

o aggravation of asthma, allergies, and other conditions

Passive Smoking and Lung Cancer

Non-smokers have a twenty-five percent increased risk of lung cancer when exposed to passive smoking in the home. In a press release by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 9, 1998, it said that the increased risk of lung cancer among non-smoking spouses of smokers was estimated at sixteen percent and in the workplace, an estimated increased risk of seventeen percent. In 2002, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the WHO, a group of 29 experts from 12 countries, convened by the Monographs Program. They reviewed all major published evidence related to tobacco smoking and cancer.

Their conclusion:

These meta-analyzes show that there is a statistically significant and consistent association between lung cancer risk in spouses of smokers and exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke from the minority who smokes. The excess risk is of the order of 20% for women and 30% for men and remains after controlling for some potential sources of bias and confounding.

Passive Smoking and other Cancers

Conventional studies tend to focus on finding the health effects of ETS on the respiratory system. Newer studies have found associations between passive smoking and cervical, bladder, nasal-sinus, and brain cancer.

Among active smokers, there is recorded a risk of cancer to:

o the renal pelvis (part of the ureter that receives urine from the kidney)

o possibly the renal adenocarcinoma (the glands of the kidney)

o parts of the mouth and throat such as the lip, oropharynx (the back of the mouth), larynx (voice box), and hypopharynx (area below the pharynx or throat)

o the esophageal (tube from the pharynx to the stomach)

o stomach, liver and pancreas.

Passive Smoking and Heart Disease

In the early 1990s, studies by Glantz and Parmley estimated that the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States was heart disease. The first two were active smoking and alcohol abuse. It was also found out that non-smokers living with smokers had an increased risk of heart disease of around 30%.

An examination of a large sample in the United States also showed an elevated heart disease risk of around 20%. Knowing how pervasive heart disease is among non-smokers in the United States, a 20% additional risk is very significant.

From then on, researchers have proven conclusively that there is not just an increased risk of heart disease but that the risks are non-linear. The increased risks and effects on the heart are similar to that of lung cancer where the risk is almost in proportion to the exposure. In passive smoking, the risk of heart disease may be half that of someone smoking 20 cigarettes a day even though that person is only inhaling 1% of the smoke. New studies reveal that exposure to ETS also causes platelet aggregation, a condition where the blood starts to thicken, and a narrowing of arteries and blood flow reduction when endothelial cells dysfunction.

Passive smoking kills an estimated 53,000 non-smokers per year. It is the 3rd leading cause of preventable death in the US