Stress Causes Physical and Mental Disorders

It has been proven beyond an iota of doubt that stress causes a variety of debilitating disorders that can be very harmful to our physical as well as our mental well-being. Those people who have a low tolerance for stress are at greater risk of contracting such physical and mental disorders. There are effective methods of dealing with stress, however, and this involves having a methodological approach to the treatment of stress. All of this starts with first recognizing the causes of stress and acknowledging that one is indeed overly stressed.

A few of the physical disorders that stress causes include heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, headaches, ulcers, colitis, respiratory disease and muscular tension. Some of these disorders can be debilitating or even potentially fatal. Some of the mental disorders associated with stress include anxiety disorders, mental illness and depression among others. Mental disorders are generally more difficult to detect and diagnose than physical disorders, making them much more dangerous than the physical ones.

Negative Effects Of Stress

Stress can be both a direct and an indirect cause of medical disorders in people. It all depends on the way in which our bodies react to stress and how well we cope with it. Stress causes our heart rate and blood pressure to rise, among other bodily reactions. If such reactions occur frequently, it increases our risk of contracting heart disease and respiratory ailments. Some people are overly sensitive to stress and it can cause them to suffer from anxiety and depression.

There are also some people who are more prone to developing the problems associated with stress, and they must understand how to cope with stress in order to avoid such problems. One of the major disorders that stress causes is diabetes. People who are stressed often overindulge in food, and this leads to an increased incidence of diabetes. Obesity is known to be one of the contributing factors to diabetes, which is very detrimental to a person's health.

Positive Effects Of Stress

A large number of disorders can be indirectly or directly linked to stress, many of which are potentially fatal. However, despite the various illnesses and disorders associated with stress, it also has a positive side, however. Stress can drive people to improve their performance and to work harder. Times of great stress are also excellent opportunities for people to show how capable they are. You must remember, however, that while occasional exposure to stressful situations may be beneficial to us, constant exposure is detrimental to our mental and physical well-being.

Often, the sources of stress in our lives are easily avoided, and may even be of our own making. As such, we know very well how to avoid or get rid of these sources of stress. A better understanding of the disorders and illnesses associated with stress will certainly be a great motivation for us to avoid becoming overly stressed. Properly managing stress is sure to give us greater confidence in all areas of our lives and avoid all the physical and mental disorders that stress causes.

Common Causes For Children's Headaches From Eye and Vision Disorders

Headaches come from many different sources and people often bringing their child to see the eye doctor first to rule out vision problems as a cause. Usually it is not a vision related problem, but there are cases that have a direct correlation with the eyes. If headaches are related to eye problems, most of the time there will be a specific visual task the headaches seem to center around. It could be reading, computer use, video games or time in the sun.

Eyeglass frames can cause pressure behind the ears and on the side of the head if not properly adjusted. Frames that are tilted can alter the effective lens prescription and result in eye strain. Nickel is a common component in many metal frames (and in parts of plastic frames). Nickel allergies are fairly common and can cause discomfort, itching and possible mild headaches.

Your child's prescription may cause headaches under certain conditions. Large uncorrected depths of farsightedness are probably the most common cause in children. With farsightedness, they may have the focusing capacity to pass the eye chart test with flying colors while not wearing prescription lenses. In doing so, they may be close to using all of their focusing reserve capacity. This would be like spending all day walking around carrying close to the maximum amount of weight you can hold. Because the focusing muscle is considered smooth muscle and does not fatigue like the stripped muscles you use for your arms or legs, there is some disagreement on this point. It is really an academic point since the headaches do commonly occur, possibly due to variations in focusing and resultant clarity, constriction of the colored iris tissue, or other unknown factors. How much uncorrected farsightedness is required to cause headaches? We know higher amounts are more significant as age increases but with lower depths it is not as clear what levels create eyestrain and headaches. Sometimes the only way to know is to fill an eyeglasses prescription and see if the headaches resolve.

Focusing problems in general are very hard to diagnose with precision. Eyes may over focus, under focus, have variable focusing, and on rare occasions having focusing spasms. Some prescription medications can cause focusing problems, dry eyes and sensitivity to light increasing the likelihood of headaches.

Uncorrected nearsightedness can cause a child to squint to see the blackboard and result in headaches. Usually they will be complaining about blurry vision, unlike with farsightedness. Nearsightedness has typically been corrected due to blurry vision before there are complaints about headaches.

Astigmatism is a condition where the eye has two different curvatures, shaped more like half of a tennis ball squeezed on top and bottom. While astigmatism does blur vision, children frequently notice more eyestrain than blurriness. The eye is focusing for one curve then the other trying to find the clearest focus point. Moderate to high levels of astigmatism can cause headaches but usually the child has complaints that sound more like eyestrain and may be squinting to try and clear things up.

Convergence insufficiency is one of the leading causes of headaches related to vision in children. When your child reads or works up close the eyes have to perform two functions. First they have to adjust the focus for the correct distance. Secondly they must turn in both eyes (converge) to point in the exact direction of what they are looking at. Most reading is done at about 14 to 16 inches away from the face in children. Kids should be able to keep their eyes pointing at an object at least until it is within 4 to 6 inches from their nose. If they can not, they lack sufficient reserve capacity to keep their eyes pointed at the object and they will have eyestrain and headaches. The severity of the problem is related to how well their brain functions in part shutting down the image from one eye. If they lack this capacity the headaches can be severe with near work, resulting in headaches, eyestrain, blurred vision, and failing grades in school.

Muscle imbalances are similar to convergence insufficiency. Due to eye muscles or tendons that are slowly misshaped or inserted slightly abnormally, their eyes may have a tendency to turn in, out, up, or down. Constantly struggling to keep images from doubling can cause frequent heads if the brain is not good at shutting off one of the images. Fixation disparities are very tiny eye alignment errors that can have a similar result but can only be diagnosed with appropriate testing.

Migraines are a very common cause of headaches and take many different forms. Usually there is a family history of migraines already known. Children that develop migraines at an older age often are carsick at younger ages. These headaches tend to be on one side of the head and may be associated with nausea and light sensitivity. Migraines need to be thoroughly tested and diagnosed in conjunction with your child's pediatrician and possibly a neurologist. The only association migraines have with eyes are some people have migraines triggered by small changes in their eye glass prescription, and some migraines can cause very minor damage to the eyes over time.

Some children and adults are naturally very sensitive to small changes in their eyeglass or contact lens prescription. Every time there is a minor change they start having headaches, and learn quickly it is time for an appointment with the optometrist. Autistic children may have something of an opposite type of problem, and clearing up vision too much may contribute to sensory overload and headaches.

Rare causes of headaches around the eyes are tumors around the optic nerve or eye. Inflammation inside the eye that sometimescompanies childhood arthritis and other autoimmune diseases can cause eye pain, headaches, and light sensitivity. Unusual light sensitivity, red eyes, headaches, abnormally small or large pupils, changes in behavior and school grades can be indicators of illic drug usage, now common even in elementary schools. School counselors usually have a pretty good idea who is involved and it is a quick call.

A sinus infection can result in headaches around the eyes and in rare cases even sight loss.

Never forget lack of sleep. Fatigue, poor diet, caffeine crashes, dehydration, and stress probably cause most headaches. Preventative eye exams for children always helps rule out some easily fixed causes so do not neglect an eye check up if your child is being afflicted with headaches.

Last, but not least is the friend who just got new glasses syndrome. All of a sudden your child develops blurry vision and headaches. Fortunately, an optometrist can diagnose this case pretty easy. Sometimes you may want to consider discussing in advance with your child's eye doctor a place pair of glasses with little or no prescription. Occasional with a strong murdered child it is easier to just let them wear a pair for six months and spend your energy on the bigger battles.

Ten Reasons To Be More Concerned About Your Child's Headaches

1. Headaches that are continuing to get worse or becoming more frequent

2. Headaches that occur in the same area of ​​the eye or head

3. Headaches that wake children up at night or are present at the beginning of the day

4. Headaches accompanied by double vision, blurred vision, or abnormal eye movements

5. Headaches that cause a child to cease their normal activities

6. Any header that occurs after a fall, possible bump to the head, or after loss of consciousness or memory, however brief

7. Any header that is accompanied by changes in responsiveness, sluggish thinking, slurred speech, changes in balance, different pupy sizes, severe vomiting, droopy half open eyes, altered or unusual behavior

8. Headaches that only occur when a specific person is around (possible abuse)

9. Headaches occurring in other people present (possible carbon monoxide poisoning)

10. Severe Headaches with very rapid sunset, high fever, stiff neck

If you have concerns about your child having mild or moderate headaches, starting with appointments with your optometrist and family doctor makes sense, applying to a neurological evaluation if needed.

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are caused by a variety of things, including hidden medical problems. Most sleep problems are annoying, but some sleep disorders can be life threatening. You should see your doctor if you experience the following sleep problems on a regular basis:

1. It takes more than 30 minutes for you to fall sleep most nights

2. You get up after sleeping for only a few hours and can not go back to sleep

3. You feel excessively sleepy or fatigued during normal wakeful hours, and your fatigue interferes with school or work

4. You get up feeling as tired as you did when you went to sleep, no matter how many hours you slept

5. You experience frequent memory lapses

6. You snore loud most nights

7. You wake up every morning with a headache or heartburn

8. You experience vivid dreams soon after falling asleep

9. You doze off atappropriate times (during a business meeting or while talking on the phone)

10. Your bed partner complains that you kick them at night
11. You awaken from a sound sleep screaming or trying to fight

Primary Sleep Disorders

There are four primary sleep disorders:

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially life-threatening disorder. It's caused by a narrowing or collapse of the upper airway during sleep, this restrictions or advances breathing. Repeated collapsing of the airway through the night disruptions and fragments your sleep. It may produce hypoxemia and other cardiovascular stress.

Sleep apnea may contribute to myocardial ischemia (depriving the heart muscle of oxygen) and myocardial infarction (heart attack) in patients with coronary artery disease. Sleep apnea affects approximately four percent of middle-aged men and two percent of middle-aged women.

Symptoms of sleep apnea include chronic, loud snoring, gasping or choking during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, drowsiness while driving, personality changes or cognitive difficulties. Obesity, a thick neck, systemic hypotension and nasopharyngeal narrowing are also indicators of obstructive sleep apnea.

Insomnia

Patients with insomnia have trouble getting to sleep and remaining sleep. Insomnia is a widely known sleep complaint; approximately 30 percent of American adults report incidental insomnia and nearly 10 percent report chronic insomnia. Women report insomnia more than men and the problem seems to increase with age.

Insomnia varies according to the duration of the symptoms. Acute insomnia usually results from a stressful life event or a change in sleep environment or sleep schedule. Chronic insomnia may be caused by a medical condition, psychiatric disorder or other factors.

Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep

The symptoms of restless legs syndrome include sensations of creeping, crawling, pulling and tingling. This causes an irresistible urge to move your legs. These symptoms usually occur just before the sunset of sleep, making it difficult to fall sleep.

Patients with restless legs syndrome often have periodic limb movements in sleep. The limb movements are also associated with partial or complete awakening. The prevalence of this disorder increases with age, about one third of restless leg syndrome patients are over the age of 60.

Patients with restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements in sleep may have problem sleepiness or non-refreshing sleep because of frequent awakenings that may not be remembered.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that produces severe problem sleepiness. Primary symptoms of narcolepsy are excessive and overwhelming daytime sleepiness, regardless of adequate nocturnal sleep. Narcolepsy is also characterized by cataplexy, sudden episodes of muscle weakness triggered by emotional reactions like laughter, anger or fear.

Other classic symptoms of narcolepsy include sleep paralysis (a temporary inability to talk or move on falling asleep or awakening) and hypnagogic hallucinations (vivid, frightening, dreamlike experiences that occur while doing or falling asleep).

Narcolepsy first becomes evident during adolescence, but it can also occur in children. An accurate narcolepsy diagnosis will require testing and evaluation by a sleep specialist.

Managing sleep disorders

For patients with sleep disorders, treatment options range from behavioral therapies to surgical interventions in some cases. Safe, natural and non-surgical treatments are available over the counter. Some of these include SNORenz and Good Night's Sleep, or a combo of the two called Sleepytime SNORenz. These highly effective blends offer a unique and non-invasive alternative to some of the harsher treatments out there.

Common Skin Pigmentation Disorders

We are all born with clear and flawless skin. But in due course of time, there can be various skin disorders. This is because as we grow and get outside, a number of external factors begin to affect us. Pollution, sun exposure, environmental conditions all take toll on the skin. And because of this your body may lower the production of melanin or the blood vessels will not function properly. Also, there can be a number of other disorders that you may develop due to excessive exposure to sunlight. Tanning and sun burns being the most common, there are plenty of complications after it

Here are some common skin pigmentation disorders:

Albinism
Albinism is a genetic disorder that is caused by the lack or complete absence of pigmentation in the skin. The body contains an abnormal gene that precedes the production of melanin. There may not be a complete cure for albinism but individuals suffering from it should take necessary precautions. They should apply sunscreen all through the day be it indoors or outdoors. This is due due to lack of melanin, the skin becomes extremely vulnerable to sun damage risking them to diseases like skin cancer. Try the all new Nia 24 Sun Damage Prevention SPF 30. It's a duo-action sun damage prevention solution that contains 100% mineral sunscreen in a weightless, oil-free lotion. It is instantly absorbed by the skin.

Melasma
Also known as chloasma, this particular disease shows as brown patches and tan marks across the face. Both men and women are equally intolerable to it though some term it as a 'pregnancy mask.' But the great news is it is not permanent and can be treated very easily. And what's more, you can treat it yourself by using essential skin care products. Obagi Nu-Derm Blender Promotes improvement at the cellular level and gets you an even skin color. You can also use Onagi Nu-derm Clear, a skin bleaching and Corrector Cream with 4% Hydroquinonoe USP that corrects uneven skin tone and cures age spots.

Loss of Pigmentation due to Skin Damage
Whenever there is a skin-damage like burns, boils, blisters etc. it leaves behind a scar after it dries up. And there may be a loss of pigmentation in the affected area. But then again, an easy way to get rid of them is using appropriate cosmetics and skin care products. Obagi C-Clarifying Serum contains 4% hydroquinone + vitamin C serum along with L-ascorbic acid. While vitamin C penetrates the dermis to reduce melanosome activity the solution promotes an even skin tone and provides potent antioxidant therapy.

Vitiligo
This skin disorder happens when melanocytes get destroyed because resulting in the formation of white patches on the skin. Certain diseases are linked to vitiligo like diabetes but there is no sure evidence about it. Sometimes it also happens because of lack of calcium. There is no cure for vitiligo as such but you can undergo several treatments to get rid of the white patches.

Whatever be the disorder, there are several skin care treatments available to rectify the results!